1942 Midterm Elections
In the midterm elections of 1942 the Republican Party gained 45 seats in the U.S. House of Representatives and nine seats in the U.S. Senate from the Democratic Party. Democrats still retained a narrow 222-209 seat majority in the House and a 57-38 seat majority in the Senate.
During the mist of World War II, President Franklin Roosevelt called for "an end to politics"  as he switched leadership roles from a domestic policy President to a wartime President. However, the nation had yet to fully recover from the Great Depression, unemployment and inflation remained high. Disgruntlement over the attack of Pearl Harbor and conditions of wartime led to big Republican gains. Thomas Dewey won the governorship of New York and emerged as the Republican nominee for President in 1944 and 1948.