The Anti-Defamation League (ADL), originally known as the Anti-Defamation League of B’nai B’rith ("B'nai B'rith" meaning "Order of the Covenant" or "Order of the Cut", referring to circumcision) is a Jewish organization founded in 1913 that seeks to fight anti-Semitism and defend the state of Israel. Its stated mission is described as:
|“||The immediate object of the League is to stop, by appeals to reason and conscience and, if necessary, by appeals to law, the defamation of the Jewish people. Its ultimate purpose is to secure justice and fair treatment to all citizens alike and to put an end forever to unjust and unfair discrimination against and ridicule of any sect or body of citizen.||”|
It also claims to fight against many other forms of discrimination, while monitoring extremist groups and their rhetoric with regard to the immigration debate. In addition, it has been known to attack mainstream conservatives.
Its general stance on prayer in secular schools is that it is "unconstitutional." The ADL also has a record of supporting gay rights, the separation of church and state, hate crimes legislation, abortion and partial-birth abortion.
The League has been criticized for attacking politically conservative Jews such as Dr. Laura Schlessinger. The Jewish World Review stated that the League was "demonizing exponents of Jewish values", while the National Prayer Network held that the ADL's past legislative involvement "empowered synagogue to mix with state by authorizing itself to teach the US Justice Department, FBI and all local police about hate crimes."
In addition, it was also accused of being heavily biased regarding Judaism, especially when they failed to call out controversy for the anti-Catholic film 40 Days and 40 Nights, yet were willing to call out controversy regarding Mel Gibson's The Passion of the Christ for alleged anti-Semitism.[Citation Needed]
- Anti-Defamation League. About The Anti-Defamation League (2001)
- Anti-Defamation League. Religion in the Schools:Prayer in Public Schools (2011)
- West, J.G. & MacLean, I.W (eds). "Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith" in Encyclopedia of Religion in American Politics, Volume 2; Oryx Press, Arizona. Page 17, (1999)
- Anti-Defamation League. Press Release - ADL Welcomes Supreme Court Decision Against Nebraska Abortion Law (2000)
- LifeSiteNews. JEWISH ANTI-DEFAMATION LEAGUE TO MONITOR PRO-LIFE WEBSITES (2001)
- Pearlston, C. THE ADL PUSHES 'TOLERANCE'? WHY I'M LEAVING AFTER 25 YEARS (June 4th, 2001)
- Pike, T. ADL APPLAUDS ITSELF FOR HATE BILL VICTORY (3rd November 2009)