Abbot Howard "Abbie" Hoffman (November 30, 1936 - April 12, 1989) was a leftist political activist, anarchist and writer who founded the Youth International Party (Yippies). He was one of the key figures in the Chicago Seven Trial. One of his trademarks was wearing a shirt patterned after the American Flag, which was ironic due to his being extremely anti-American.
Hoffman is well known for having authored the counter-culture book Steal This Book.
Hoffman was born in Worcester, Massachusetts, on November 30, 1936, to Florence Schanberg Hoffman and John Hoffman.
He was known for outrageous protests-one of the most famous being the throwing of money in front of the New York Stock Exchange to speak out against the free market system. Hoffman was arrested for mutilating the United States flag (one of his many crimes), as the FBI had a 4,101 page file on him and his activities.
Hoffman was involved in organizing political protests surrounding the 1968 Democratic National Convention which culminated in violence between protesters and police. On March 20, 1969, he was indicted by a grand jury on charges of conspiracy and crossing state lines to incite a riot. He was found guilty of the latter charge on February 18, 1970, and sentenced to five years in prison. This sentence was later overturned.
Later life and death
He went underground in 1973 to avoid being convicted in a drug bust. The coroner ruled Hoffman's death at the age of 63 on April 12, 1989, a suicide caused by a lethal combination of alcohol and prescription medications.
- Revolution For the Hell of It, (1968)
- Woodstock Nation: A Talk-Rock Album, (1969)
- Steal This Book, (1971)
- Vote! A Record, A Dialogue, A Manifesto, (1972)
- To America With Love: Letters From the Underground, (1976)
- Soon to Be a Major Motion Picture, (1980)
- Square Dancing in the Ice Age: Underground Writings, (1982)
- Steal This Urine Test: Fighting Drug Hysteria in America, (1987)
- Preserving Disorder: The Faking of the President 1988, (1999)