Abigail Adams

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Abigail Adams
Abigail Adams was the second First Lady of the United States of America. She was married in 1764 to John Adams, the second President of the United States of America.

The Adamses had five children: Abigail, John Quincy, Susanna Boylston, Charles and Thomas Boylston. A sixth child, Elizabeth, was stillborn.

She is noted for her letters to her husband, John, writing in one on March 31, 1776:[1]

I long to hear that you have declared an independency. And, by the way, in the new code of laws which I suppose it will be necessary for you to make, I desire you would remember the ladies and be more generous and favorable to them than your ancestors. Do not put such unlimited power into the hands of the husbands. Remember, all men would be tyrants if they could. If particular care and attention is not paid to the ladies, we are determined to foment a rebellion, and will not hold ourselves bound by any laws in which we have no voice or representation.

Abigail Adams died in 1818 (during the Monroe presidency) at the age of 73. Her reported last words were "Do not grieve, my friend, my dearest friend.[2] I am ready to go. And John, it will not be long." Her husband, John, died eight years later on July 4, 1826 at the age of 90.

A few books have been written about Abigail Adams since her death; the most influential is probably Fran Tarkenton's historical novel Abigail Adams. She has been portrayed in other media as well. Carolyn Jones played Adams in the 1960s TV series, and Laura Linney played her in the 2008 HBO special.

The Adamses' son John Quincy Adams went on to become the sixth President of the United States.

References & notes

  1. http://www.teachingamericanhistory.org/library/index.asp?document=63
  2. "My dearest friend" was Abigail's affectionate term for her husband.
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