Abortion and infertility
Infertility is associated with abortion, for several reasons:
- retention of fetal tissue, whereby the abortion is incomplete and tissue is left in the uterus. The tissue can then cause infections that damage reproductive ability, resulting in future infertility.
- the scarring of inside the uterus or the top of the cervix. Abortions that dilate the cervix can damage it, and interfere with its ability to have a successful future pregnancy. Premature birth in future-born children, which can result in increased child mortality, is correlated with abortion.
- the spread of a sexually transmitted disease through the instruments used in the abortion. One study concluded that abortion decreased fertility in women who had an existing or prior Pelvic Inflammatory Disease.
- delaying childbirth due to abortion results in a natural increase in infertility
- ↑ Acta/Obstetrics and Gyn. Scandinavia 1979; 58:539-42.