Achaemenid Empire

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The Achaemenid Empire (Old Persian Hakhāmanishiya) (559 BC–330 BC) was the first in a series of Persian empires to rule over Greater Iran, and many other parts of the Middle East. At it's greatest expanse, the Achaemenid Empire ruled over parts of present-day Afghanistan, west Pakistan, northern Egypt, all of Iraq (Mesopotamia), Syria, Turkey (Asia Minor), Jordan, Israel, and northern Saudi Arabia. The empire was the largest in classical antiquity, until it was overthrown by Alexander the Great.

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History

Early Years

Greco-Persian Wars

Conquered by Alexander the Great

Culture

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