African barred owlet
|African Barred Owlet|
|Subspecies|| G. c. capense|
G. c. ngamiense
G. c. scheffleri
|Conservation status||Least concern|
The African barred owlet (Glaucidium capense) is a species of pygmy owl in the family Strigidae, and found in much of Africa south of the equator.
African barred owlets are a type of pygmy owl, not more than seven inches in length, with a wingspan of fifteen inches. The head is dark brown to grayish-brown, with fine white streaks on the crown, while the face bears yellow eyes below light-colored eyebrows. The top portion of the body is a cinnamon brown in color, with the shoulders spotted in white laid out in a distinct pair of rows; in flight, the primary and secondary flight feathers are cinnamon to rufus, and barred in dark brown. The chest and belly are a mix of white with brown spots, while the tail is a grey-brown, with buff bars. Females are similar in coloration, but slightly larger in size.
- Glaucidium capense capense; southern Mozambique to South Africa (Natal and east Cape Province)
- Glaucidium capense ngamiense; eastern D.R. Congo to central Tanzania, south to Angola, northern Namibia, northern Botswana, Zimbabwe, and Mozambique
- Glaucidium capense scheffleri; south coastal area of Somalia, eastern Kenya, northeastern Tanzania
Habitat and diet
African barred owlets are found in forests with large trees, forest edges, secondary growth, riverine forests with open areas, and have been seen in open savannah.
They feed primarily on insects, but small birds and mammals are also taken when the opportunity permits.