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Capital Montgomery
Nickname Heart of Dixie; Camellia State
Official Language English
Governor Robert Bentley, R
Senator Richard Shelby, R
(202) 224-5744
Senator Jeff Sessions, R
(202) 224-4124
Population 4,500,752[1]
Ratification of Constitution/or statehood December 14, 1819
Flag of Alabama Motto: Audemus jura nostra defendere (We dare defend our rights)

Alabama is located in the Southeastern region of the United States and on December 14th, 1819 it became the twenty-second state to enter the union.

Civil War History

Alabama seceded from the union and on January 11th, 1861 and on February 8th of that year became one of founding members of the Confederate States of America. After the American Civil War, Alabama was readmitted into the union in 1868.

Alabama Politics

The capital of Alabama is Montgomery and its largest city is Birmingham. Alabama is a red state which tends favor Republicans in elections, particularly on a national level. [2] The current governor of Alabama is Robert Bentley, a Republican. Alabama's current Senators are Richard Shelby and Jeff Sessions, both of whom are Republicans.

Alabama's Constitution was adopted in 1901.


Alabama is the nation's fourth largest producer of automobiles, and much of Alabama's economic growth is tied to increases in its domestic manufacturing base. Alabama also has a robust agricultural sector, producing over 12% of the nation's chicken, along with large amounts of cattle, cotton, and eggs. Early, in Alabama's history, cotton was the dominant force in the state's economy, but by 1915 farmers had diversified their crops in response to the Boll Weevil, a parasite that targets cotton plants. Alabama also has access to bituminous coal, natural gas, and petroleum reserves. [3]

Elected Officials



Notable People from Alabama

  • Hank Aaron, who held the Major League Baseball record for most home runs hit until 2007, is from Mobile.
  • Hugo Black, Senator from Alabama who was nominated to the Supreme Court by Franklin Roosevelt and served on the Court from 1937 to 1971, was born in Ashland.
  • Truman Capote, author of In Cold Blood, lived in Monroeville, though he was born in New Orleans.
  • Joe Jones, jazz drummer, was born in Chicago but spent his early youth in Alabama.
  • Helen Keller activist for the disabled and in various causes, was born in Tuscumbia.
  • Martin Luther King, Jr., a civil rights activist, lived in Montgomery.
  • Joe Louis, a boxer who is the only famous athlete to be buried in Arlington Cemetery, lived in Lafayette.
  • Rosa Parks, a civil rights activist who became famous for refusing to give up her bus seat to a white passenger, lived in Tuskegee.
  • Walker Percy, novelist and thinker strongly influenced by Catholicism, was born in Birmingham.
  • Sun Ra, jazz pianist and band leader; his birth certificate indicates Birmingham as his place of birth though he claimed to have been born on Saturn.
  • Condoleezza Rice, Secretary of State in the George W. Bush Administration, was born in Birmingham.

State Motto

Audemus jura nostra defendere is the state motto, which translated from Latin means "We dare defend our rights". It is reminiscent of Alabama's role in the Confederate States of America while it was fighting for State's rights.


See Also