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He was born in New Jersey in 1740, and received a classical education. He graduated from Princeton College in 1750 after studying law, and was admitted soon after to the bar, becoming an attorney in North Carolina.
In 1772 he was a member of the Colonial Assembly, and served in the Revolutionary War as colonel of a North Carolina regiment of the line and participated in the battles of Brandywine and Germantown
He was a member of the State Senate 1779-1782,1785-1787, and 1788; was governor of North Carolina 1782-1785 and 1789-1792
In 1787 he was a delegate to the convention to adopt the Federal Constitution with Richard Dobbs Spaight, William Richardson Davie, William Blount, and Hugh Williamson. He was a United States senator from North Carolina, serving from December 2, 1793, to March 3, 1799
Martin died at Danbury, North Carolina, November, 1807.
- Alexander Martin
- The Political Register and Congressional Directory: A Statistical Record of the Federal Officials, Legislative, Executive, and Judicial, of the United States of America, 1776-1878