American Nazi Party
The American Nazi Party was founded in the United States by George Lincoln Rockwell in 1958. Homosexuals made up a "significant" part of its membership. They pledged allegiance to the ideals of Nazi Germany and the late Adolf Hitler. Rockwell was assassinated by one of his members, John Patler, in 1967 over an internal party dispute, and was replaced by Matthias Koehl, who had previously been a founder of the National States Rights Party in 1958. Koehl had two deputies, his "national officers", Robert Lloyd and William Pierce. The party denials the Holocaust.
Changes of name
The party changed its name in 1968 to the National Socialist White People's Party and set up headquarters in Arlington, Virginia. It is currently operating under the name of New Order in New Berlin, Wisconsin, where it aims to establish a "Nationalist Socialist community" called Nordland.
Since the 1970s, several splinter groups have formed from the party, including:
- the National White People's Party led by Charles White in Asheville, North Carolina
- the White Party of America led by Karl Allen in Washington, D.C.
- the (new) American Nazi Party led by John Robert Bishop, in Davenport, Iowa