Ampere's Law, named for Andre-Marie Ampere, relates electric current to magnetic fields, and is one of Maxwell's Equations. It is often used in the calculation of the magnetic field at a point due to one or many current-carrying wires. It is the magnetic analogue to Gauss's Law, and can be stated in integral form as
where is magnetic field, C is a closed curve, Ienc is current enclosed by C, and μ0 is the permeability of free space.
In differential form, Ampere's Law is written
where is current density.