Andreas Rudolf Bodenstein von Carlstadt
Andreas Rudolf Bodenstein von Carlstadt (1480-1541) was a reformer who both worked with and dissented from the teachings of Martin Luther. Extreme extensions of Luther's Priesthood of All Believers was among Carlstadt's dissensions: on Christmas Day in 1521 Carlstadt dressed in casual attire, without any priestly robes and gave Holy Communion to those present. He did so in part to express his belief that any Christian could serve as a minister, contradicting the limits that Martin Luther had placed on the Priesthood of All Believers. In 1522 Luther gave a series of sermons urging Carlstadt to exercise restraint in his reforms.