Stratigraphy or stratification in archaeology refers to the study of the layering of successive levels of soil and other material within a site. Unlike geology, archaeological stratigraphy is a record of human activities and behavior, and is sometimes the only method of which a history of a particular human society can be recovered.
- Barker, Philip. Techniques of Archaeological Excavation, 3rd Edition. London: B.T. Batsford, Ltd. 1993.
- Fagan, Brian M. (editor) The Oxford Companion to Archaeology. New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996.
- McIntosh, Jane. The Practical Archaeologist, 2nd Edition. New York: Facts on File, Inc. 1999.
- Pollard, Justin. The Story of Archeology. New York: Metro Books, 2011.