Artificial sweeteners such as saccharin, cyclamate and aspartame are sweeter than sugar yet contain fewer calories. They are favored for tea, coffee and carbonated beverages, but attempts were made to ban them.
The battle of sweeteners dates back to 1958 when the Delaney Clause said that if an additive causes cancer in lab animals at high dosages, then no amount of it may be given to human beings.  Others argue that "the dose makes the poison."
- A 1958 federal law called the Delaney Clause prohibits the use of any food additive shown to cause cancer in animals or humans, no matter how small the amount of that additive in a given product. Saccharin May Be Delisted From NIH's Carcinogen List - Laurie McGinley, Staff Reporter of The Wall Street Journal, 1997