Atheism and Latino Americans

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Hispanic population in the US in 1990. Since 1990 there has been a doubling in numbers and much greater presence outside the Southwest

In 2015, BloombergView reported concerning American atheism:

According to a much-discussed 2012 report from the Pew Research Center on Religion and Public Life, only 3 percent of U.S. atheists and agnostics are black, 6 percent are Hispanic, and 4 percent are Asian. Some 82 percent are white. (The relevant figures for the population at large at the time of the survey were 66 percent white, 11 percent black, 15 percent Hispanic, 5 percent Asian.)

...Craig Keener, in his huge review of claims of miracles in a wide variety of cultures, concludes that routine rejection of the possibility of the supernatural represents an impulse that is deeply Eurocentric.[1]

See also: Western atheism and race

Spirituality, Latino Americans and religiosity of Latino culture

Individuals with Mexican heritage: Population of the United States in 2000.

See also: Latino

The abtract for the 2006 journal article Spirituality Among Latinas/os Implications of Culture in Conceptualization and Measurement declares:

Latinos are now the largest minority group in the United States...

Latino theological literature describes spirituality as integral with Latino culture. Although Latinos are not a monolithic or homogenous group, there are fundamental cultural influences that must be considered in an exploration of spirituality among Latinas/os....

Most of the empirical research in spirituality and religiosity among Latinos has targeted primarily Mexican Americans. These investigations indicate that spirituality and religiosity are interwoven with their daily lives and serve as foundations of strength in coping with life's struggles. For example, religious attendance was associated with psychological well-being across 3 generations of Mexican American families and with physical health status among Mexican American women. Latinos describe their faith as intimate and reciprocal relationships with God, family, and community, with these relationships playing an important role in health and well-being.[2]

Hispanics evangelicals and the future of religion/irreligion in the U.S.

See also: Growth of evangelical Christianity

Due to Hispanic evangelicals, church attendance was up in New York City in 2013.[3]

With the continued rise in the number of Hispanic, evangelical Christians in North America and the rise of evangelicalism in Latin America and South America, secular leftism is not going to be dominant in America's future.[4]

Latin America, Catholicism, Protestantism, Pentecostalism, unaffiliated and atheism

See also: Nones

Pew Research reported in 2014 about religion in Latin America: "Many of the findings about religion in Latin America mirror trends seen among Hispanics in the United States."[5]

In the United States, although some American atheists like to claim the unaffiliated (unaffiliated with organized religion), "nones" or "no religion" on religious surveys as one of their own, fewer than 15% of the "nones" consider themselves atheists.[6]

Pew Research also indicated in 2014:

Losses for Catholics have meant gains for Protestant churches and the category of people who do not identify with any religion. Just 9% of adults in the region were raised Protestant and 4% were raised unaffiliated, but twice as many now describe themselves as Protestants (19%) or unaffiliated (8%). Most Protestants across Latin America identify as Pentecostal Christians or are members of Pentecostal denominations.

Why are Latin Americans leaving the Catholic Church for Protestantism? The survey asked respondents to rate eight possible explanations. Protestants who converted from Catholicism most frequently say they “wanted a more personal experience with God.” Other commonly cited reasons include the style of worship at their new church and a desire for greater emphasis on morality.

In general, Latin American Protestants are more religiously committed than Catholics.[7]

The American sociologist and author Peter L. Berger introduced the concept of desecularization in 1999.[8][9] According to Berger, "One can say with some confidence that modern Pentecostalism must be the fastest growing religion in human history."[10]

Growth of Hispancic/Latino evangelicals in the United States

American evangelical view of atheists

Pew Research did a study on American views towards various religious groups where 100 was the highest possible score in terms of favorable views.[11]

According to Pew Research:

When asked about other non-Christian groups, evangelicals tend to express more negative views. White evangelicals assign Buddhists an average rating of 39, Hindus 38, Muslims 30 and atheists 25. The chilliness between evangelicals and atheists goes both ways. Atheists give evangelical Christians a cold rating of 28 on average.[12]

Latino irreligion and IQs/intelligence

See: Latino atheism and intelligence

See also

Notes

  1. The Atheism Gap By Stephen L. Carter, BloombergView, Mar 27, 2015 4:26 PM EDT
  2. [Spirituality Among Latinas/os Implications of Culture in Conceptualization and Measurement] by Maureen Campesino, PhD, RN, PsyNP and Gary E. Schwartz, PhD, ANS Adv Nurs Sci. 2006 Jan–Mar; 29(1): 69–81.
  3. Hispanics turning evangelical, Jews secular, Beliefnet.com, November 2103
  4. 7 key takeaways about religion in Latin America, Pew Research, 2014
  5. Meet the 'Nones:' Spiritual but not religious
  6. 7 key takeaways about religion in Latin America, Pew Research, 2014
  7. Journal of Church and State, Desecularization: A Conceptual Framework by Vyacheslav Karpov, 2010
  8. Peter L. Berger, “The Desecularization of the World: A Global Overview,” in The Desecularization of the World: Resurgent Religion and World Politics, ed. Peter L. Berger (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1999)
  9. Pentecostalism – Protestant Ethic or Cargo Cult?, Peter Berger, July 29, 2010
  10. How Americans Feel About Religious Groups
  11. How Americans Feel About Religious Groups