Atheism and anger

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An angry atheist speaking to a woman with a Bible in her hand.

The Christian philosopher James S. Spiegel says the path from Christianity to atheism among several of his friends involved moral slippage such as resentment or unforgiveness.[1] See: Atheism and unforgiveness

On January 1, 2011, CNN reported:

People unaffiliated with organized religion, atheists and agnostics also report anger toward God either in the past, or anger focused on a hypothetical image - that is, what they imagined God might be like - said lead study author Julie Exline, Case Western Reserve University psychologist.

In studies on college students, atheists and agnostics reported more anger at God during their lifetimes than believers.[2]

Various studies found that traumatic events in people's lives has a positive correlation with "emotional atheism".[3] See also: Atheism and the problem of evil

The atheist, lesbian and leftist Greta Christina told the journalist Chris Mooney on the Point of Inquiry podcast, "there isn't one emotion" that affects atheists "but anger is one of the emotions that many of us have ...[it] drives others to participate in the movement".[4]

The American philosopher and atheism advocate Peter Boghossian declared about atheists: “I think the faithful have been propagating a narrative of the angry atheist for so long, and I think that there’s some legitimacy to that... I think it’s really important to have civil, respectful dialogue with people, and we just haven’t been doing that...".[5]

The agnostic Rodney Stark, co-director of Baylor University’s Institute for Studies of Religion, commenting on the New Atheism movement said, “The religious people don’t care about the irreligious people, but the irreligious are prickly. I think they’re just angry.”[6]

Theodore Beale declared:

...the age at which most people become atheists indicates that it is almost never an intellectual decision, but an emotional one.[7]

The Christian apologist Ken Ammi concurs in his essay The Argument for Atheism from Immaturity and writes:

It is widely known that some atheists rejected God in their childhood, based on child like reasons, have not matured beyond these childish notions and thus, maintain childish-emotional reactions toward the idea of God.[8]

Historically speaking, atheists have been the biggest mass murders in history (see: Atheism and mass murder and Abortion and atheism).

Jesus Christ and Christendom have emphasized the important of forgiveness and in the last few decades mental health specialists have increasingly seen the importance of forgiveness to alleviate anger and other emotional problems within individuals.[9]

For more information please see:

Various types of atheists/non-believers and anger and general atheist population and anger

See also: Various types of atheists/non-believers and anger

The 6 types of atheists and anger/violence

A University of Tennessee at Chattanooga study of non-believers found that there are 6 types of atheists/agnostics/non-believers: atheists/agnostics who are more intellectually minded (38% of total sample); non-believer political activists who commonly get involved in leftist/political causes more than atheist activism (23% of non-believers, most atheists lean toward the left end of the political spectrum, see Atheism and politics); Anti-Theist (This vocal group often gets conflated with all atheists by believers, but they merely constitute 15 percent of non-believers); Seeker-Agnostic (makes up 7.6 percent of non-believers) and Non-Theist (apathetic and is only 4.4 percent of non-believers).[10]

Anti-theists/militant atheists/New Atheists give the public the perception that atheists are exceptionally angry individuals.[11] Social science research indicates that anti-theists score the highest among atheists when it comes to personality traits such as narcissism, dogmatism, and anger.[12][13] Furthermore, they scored lowest when it comes to agreeableness and positive relations with others.[14]

Picture of the atheist, lesbian and leftist Greta Christina in 2010.

As far as the non-believer political activists mentioned above (who commonly fall on the left end of the political aisle as noted above), a New Scientist article about anger and one's political affiliation entitled Why conservatives are happier than liberals may be relevant and it declared:

Liberals, claim New York University psychologists Jaime Napier and John Tost, have a tougher time rationalising social and economic inequality than conservatives.

The recent surge in home foreclosures, for instance, is due to poor economic choices on the part of borrowers, a conservative might think. Liberals, on the other hand, seethe at predatory lenders and lax government regulation of the mortgage industry.

The result: conservatives mix a martini and hit the country club, while liberals write angry letters and stage protests.

Of course, American political views aren't so binary, yet the happiness divide seems to be real. Previous studies, including a 2006 survey from Pew Research Center have found the same general trend, much to the delight of conservative pundits like George Will, who noted that "liberalism is a complicated and exacting, not to say grim and scolding, creed."....

To add some ammo to these explanations, Napier and Tost conducted a series of surveys on political attitudes of Americans and citizens of 8 Western countries, using previously collected data. Their results affirmed the "conservatives are happy, liberals are mad" findings of previous polls, but income, education, religion and other demographic variables couldn't explain the happiness gap.[15]

Secular leftists have used violence and indoctrination to achieve their political/ideological aims

Historically, the secular far left has used large scale violence to achieve its political/ideological aims (See: Atheism and mass murder and Atheism and communism). In addition, both the secular far left and secular left have employed atheist indoctrination to achieve their ideological/political objectives.

The Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied article: The Myth of the Angry Atheist

In 2015, an article appeared the Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied entitled the The Myth of the Angry Atheist and the journal abstract declared:

Atheists are often portrayed in the media and elsewhere as angry individuals. Although atheists disagree with the pillar of many religions, namely the existence of a God, it may not necessarily be the case that they are angry individuals. The prevalence and accuracy of angry-atheist perceptions were examined in 7 studies with 1,677 participants from multiple institutions and locations in the United States. Studies 1–3 revealed that people believe atheists are angrier than believers, people in general, and other minority groups, both explicitly and implicitly. Studies 4–7 then examined the accuracy of these beliefs. Belief in God, state anger, and trait anger were assessed in multiple ways and contexts. None of these studies supported the idea that atheists are particularly angry individuals. Rather, these results support the idea that people believe atheists are angry individuals, but they do not appear to be angrier than other individuals in reality.[16]

Anger/infighting within the atheist movement

See also: Atheist factions and Atheism and love and Abrasiveness of Richard Dawkins

Richard Dawkins
The New Atheist Richard Dawkins was at the center of the Elevatorgate scandal.

Jacques Rousseau wrote in the Daily Maverick: "Elevatorgate..has resulted in three weeks of infighting in the secular community. Some might observe that we indulge in these squabbles fairly frequently."[17] An ex-atheist wrote: "As an Atheist for 40 years, I noticed that there is not just a wide variety of Atheist positions, but there exists an actual battle between certain Atheist factions."[18] See also: Atheist factions and Schools of atheist thought

Atheist infighting: Testimony of Blair Scott

Blair Scott served on the American Atheists board of directors. Mr. Scott formerly served as a State Director for the American Atheists organization in the state of Alabama. On December 1, 2012 he quit his post as a director of outreach for the American Atheist due to infighting within the American atheist movement.[19]

Mr. Blair wrote:

I have spent the last week mulling over what I want to do at this point in the movement. I’m tired of the in-fighting: at every level. I am especially tired of allowing myself to get sucked into it and engaging in the very behavior that is irritating..me.[20]

Secular humanist Paul Kurtz on angry atheists

The atheist Paul David Rand wrote in a journal article published in Humanist Perspectives:

The late philosopher Paul Kurtz has been widely celebrated, and legitimately so, for the very substantial contribution he made, over several decades, to the criticism of religion and the promotion of Humanism. However there is a less praiseworthy side to Kurtz’s legacy. He often displayed an attitude of antipathy towards atheists and atheism and occasionally made rather dubious declarations, for example that he and his fellow secular humanists were not “angry atheists.” That immediately raises two questions: What is wrong with being an atheist? And what is wrong with being angry?[21]

Anger of Richard Dawkins towards Rebecca Watson post Elevatorgate

See also: Feminist quotes about Richard Dawkins

The new atheist Richard Dawkins has a reputation for being angry, aggressive and abrasive (see: Richard Dawkins and anger and Abrasiveness of Richard Dawkins),

A post Elevatorgate article by Sarah posted at Skepchick about a conversation between New Atheist Richard Dawkins and David Silverman who is the president of the American Atheists organization:

Richard was standing behind the podium, and he asked Dave something along the lines of, “What exactly is the Reason Rally?” Dave started explaining it, and as he did, someone who was waiting in the line outside opened the door to peek inside and we could all hear a lot of noise. I rushed up the aisle and made frantic “shut the door” gestures at the people peeking inside, and they did. As I walked the ten feet back, I couldn’t hear everything Dave was saying, but I heard the name “Rebecca Watson.” Richard suddenly had a very angry look on his face and I heard him almost shout, “No, absolutely not! If she’s going to be there, I won’t be there. I don’t want her speaking.” and then Dave immediately replied, “You’re absolutely right, we’ll take her off the roster. It’s done.” Richard huffed for a moment, Dave continued to placate him, and then he made the video.

I was crushed.[22]

Reddit atheism and anger

See also: Atheism and arrogance

Reddit atheism, also known as r/atheism, is one of the largest internet groups of atheists.[23]

Atheist Vlad Chituc wrote:

Readers familiar with Reddit’s atheism community, r/atheism, may not be surprised to learn that I think it exemplifies many negative aspects of modern atheism—hatred, prejudice, and belief by cultural conformation rather than rational inquiry...

What is troubling for r/atheism in particular is that the tone of this content often reflects pervasive anger, self-righteousness, and a sense of inherent superiority over believers, reinforcing stereotypes already leveled against the broader atheist community. That so many r/atheism members fought to defend this content specifically is an unsettling indication of the values that many who wear the label “atheist” possess.[24]

Atheist leader Al Stefanelli's calling for eradication of fundamentalists in 2011

Al Stefanelli, an American Atheists state director of Georgia, wrote in September of 2011: “The underbelly of fundamentalist Christianity and radical Islam does not operate in the legal system. They don’t respond to lawsuits, letters, amicus briefs or other grass-roots campaigns and they must, must, must be eradicated.”[25]

Atheism, alcoholism and anger

Alcoholism was a serious social problem in the former atheistic Soviet Union.[26]

See also: Atheism, alcoholism and anger

The Barna Group found that atheists and agnostics in America were more likely, than theists in America, to look upon the following behaviors as morally acceptable: illegal drug use; excessive drinking; sexual relationships outside of marriage; abortion; cohabitating with someone of opposite sex outside of marriage; obscene language; gambling; pornography and obscene sexual behavior; and engaging in homosexuality/bisexuality.[27]

Atheists and atheistic cultures often have significant problems with excess alcohol usage (For additional information please see: Atheism and alcoholism).

Alcoholism had been linked to poor anger control both as a cause and effect of alcoholism.[28][29][30]

For more information, please see: Atheism, alcoholism and anger

Atheism and anger at God

See also: Atheism and hatred of God and Denials that atheists exist

The Christian evangelist Ray Comfort contends that atheists hate God because they know that He does exist.[31]

Comfort declared in 2009: "Atheists don't hate fairies, leprauchans or unicorns because they don't exist. It is impossible to hate something that doesn't exist. And that makes the point."[32]

As noted above, studies indicate that atheists and agnostics reported more anger at God during their lifetimes than believers.[33][34]

Jennifer LeClaire, a news editor at Charisma News wrote:

Atheists don’t believe God exists, so why do they get so angry when Christians call them out for it?...

Atheism is rooted in an antichrist spirit that has made man his own God. Atheists have separated themselves from God in this life, yet He still blesses them with an opportunity to repent every day. In the next life—eternal life—atheists won’t be so brazen about insisting God doesn’t exist because they will bow their knee to Jesus Christ (Phil. 2:10; Rom. 14:11) before spending forever apart from His presence in the lake of fire. Calling Christians nasty names and insulting God isn’t going to change that or stop Christians from sharing their faith.

I would challenge every atheist who is reading this article to truly seek God with an open mind. I guarantee if you open your heart, ask Him to reveal Himself to you, and seek Him sincerely, you will find Him.[35]

In debates with atheists, the popular Christian YouTube video maker Shockofgod often asks atheists the loaded question, "Is God evil?". Invariably, so-called atheists quickly say yes. Then Shockofgod informs the "atheist" that they admitted that God exists.[36] Shockofgod also declares that Christians never accuse leprechauns of being evil because they know they don't exist.[37] See also: Denials that atheists exist and Atheism and its retention rate in individuals.

Dr. Don Batten of Creation Ministries International wrote:

Recently, I have had a lot of conversations with atheists. Many express a strong hatred of God. I have been at a loss to explain this. How can you hate someone you don’t believe in? Why the hostility? If God does not exist, shouldn’t atheists just relax and seek a good time before they become plant food? Why should it matter if people believe in God? Nothing matters if atheism is true[38]

Militant atheism, anger and irrationality

See also: Militant atheism and Atheism and irrationality and Atheism and intelligence

Research indicates that anger takes resources away from the executive decision making of the prefrontal cortex part of the brain.[39] The foolish nature of atheists and their irrational anger and bouts of rage towards God and/or Christians often causes militant atheists to behave irrationally (See: Atheism and hatred of God).[40]

The militant Soviet atheists who aggressively attempted their atheistic communist ideology around the world had their empire collapse due to their corrupt atheist leaders implementing many foolish policies. Furthermore, the historical data indicates that large sectors of the Soviet Union's populace failed to adopt atheism in significant numbers despite great efforts to try to make this occur.[41]

New Atheism, a recent form of militant atheism, has a reputation for shallow arguments. For example, atheist philosopher Dr. Michael Ruse declared concerning Richard Dawkins' book The God Delusion: "The God Delusion makes me embarrassed to be an atheist."[42]

Dr. William Lane Craig is one of Christianity's leading defenders and many individuals over the years have attempted to arrange a debate between Dr. Craig and Richard Dawkins. Richard Dawkins has offered various ruses on why he will not debate William Lane Craig, which Dr. Craig supporters have shown were inconsistent and merely a dodge to avoid debating one of Christianity's strongest advocates.[43][44] On May 14, 2011, the British newspaper The Daily Telegraph published a news story entitled Richard Dawkins accused of cowardice for refusing to debate existence of God.[45] In The Daily Telegraph article Dr. Daniel Came, a member of the Faculty of Philosophy at Oxford University was quoted as writing to fellow atheist Richard Dawkins concerning his refusal to debate Dr. William Lane Craig, "The absence of a debate with the foremost apologist for Christian theism is a glaring omission on your CV and is of course apt to be interpreted as cowardice on your part."[46] In October of 2011, Dr. Craig went to England and the Daily Telegraph declared that Dawkins is either a fool or a coward for his refusal to debate William Lane Craig plus declared that Dawkins is a "proud man" and a "coward" who puts on an "illiterate, angry schtick" for the public.[47]

Irreligion and domestic violence

See also: Irreligion and domestic violence and Secular Europe and domestic violence and Atheism and women

Research suggests that irreligiousity is a causal factor for domestic violence.[48]

See also: Irreligion and domestic violence

The abstract for the 2007 article in the journal Violence Against Women entitled Race/Ethnicity, Religious Involvement, and Domestic Violence indicated:

The authors explored the relationship between religious involvement and intimate partner violence by analyzing data from the first wave of the National Survey of Families and Households. They found that: (a) religious involvement is correlated with reduced levels of domestic violence; (b) levels of domestic violence vary by race/ethnicity; (c) the effects of religious involvement on domestic violence vary by race/ethnicity; and (d) religious involvement, specifically church attendance, protects against domestic violence, and this protective effect is stronger for African American men and women and for Hispanic men, groups that, for a variety of reasons, experience elevated risk for this type of violence.[49]

A higher rate of domestic violence exists among cohabiting couples as compared with married couples[50] Atheists have lower marriage rates than theists (see: Atheism and marriage).

A September 9, 2012 article at Atlantic Wire wrote about the noted atheist John Lennon:

But people have mostly forgotten that Lennon was also physically abusive towards women. "I used to be cruel to my woman," he said, citing the lyrics to "Getting Better" in a Playboy interview near the end of his life. "Physically—any woman. I was a hitter. I couldn't express myself and I hit. I fought men and I hit women." In his biography The Lives of John Lennon, Albert Goldman also maintains that Lennon was guilty of spousal abuse.[51]

For more information, please see: Irreligion and domestic violence

Secular Europe and domestic violence

See also: Secular Europe and domestic violence

Sweden is one of the most atheistic countries in the world.[52] In Sweden, 81 percent of women said they had been harassed at some point after the age of 15 - compared to the EU average of 55 percent.[53]

In March of 2014, the Swedish news website The Local published an article entitled Sweden stands out in domestic violence study which declared:

A new EU review of violence against women has revealed that one in three European women has been assaulted, and one in twenty has been raped, with the Scandinavian countries at the top of the league tables.

In the Scandinavian countries, in contrast, around half of the women reported physical or sexual violence, which researchers at the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights said could have several explanations...

In Sweden, 81 percent of women said they had been harassed at some point after the age of 15 - compared to the EU average of 55 percent. After Sweden, which had the highest rate, Denmark, France, the Netherland and Finland all saw rates above 70 percent. The EU member state with the lowest rate - 24 percent - was Bulgaria.[54]

Sweden is one of the most atheistic countries in the world and the website adherents.com reported that in 2005 46 - 85% of Swedes were agnostics/atheists/non-believers in God.[55] Sweden also has the 3rd highest rate of belief in evolution as far as Western World nations.[56]

See also: Sexual immorality and Sweden

For more information, please see: Irreligion and domestic violence

Richard Dawkins and anger

Richard Dawkins
Richard Dawkins has encouraged his supporters to go beyond humorous ridicule.[57] He wrote, "I lately started to think that we need to go further: go beyond humorous ridicule, sharpen our barbs to a point where they really hurt."[58] See: Atheism and mockery

See also: Richard Dawkins and anger

Richard Dawkins is one of the principle founders of the New Atheism movement.

New Atheism is a form of militant atheism/antitheism.

Using special text analysis software, the social psychologist Jonathan Haidt found that New Atheists very often wrote in dogmatic terms in their major works using words such as “always,” “never,” “certainly,” “every,” and “undeniable.”[59] Of the 75,000 words in Sam Harris's The End of Faith, 2.24% of them connote or are associated with certainty.[60]

The National reported concerning the agnostic and evolutionist Richard Dawkins:

There was a time when the British scientist Richard Dawkins was widely admired...

More recently, he has shifted his attention to religion and has become known as one of its fiercest opponents. His insistence on allowing for none of the shade and subtlety that characterise the works of scholars such as Karen Armstrong, author of acclaimed books on Islam and the history of the monotheistic religions, have offended and infuriated millions. But they also have thrilled his followers who wish all discussion of faith to be banished to the fringes of the public square.

Mr Dawkins has always been pugnacious. When I interviewed the philosopher Daniel Dennett, a professor at Tufts University and a fellow leading member of an atheist group that calls itself the Brights, he described himself as being the “good cop” to Mr Dawkins’s “bad cop”. Mr Dennett conceded: “Richard is so hostile and aggressive that he’s unsympathetic.”

But now, Mr Dawkins’s unwillingness to treat anyone who disagrees with him as though they had even half a functioning brain cell is putting off even his own supporters.

“Richard Dawkins, whatever happened to you?” read a recent headline in The Guardian, the British newspaper whose readers and staff are generally among the most sympathetic to him. What does it say when a home to some of the most ardent atheists wants Richard Dawkins, frankly, to put a sock in it?[61]

Christianity Today indicated about Richard Dawkins:

Some atheists have sought to distance themselves from Dawkins because they feel the combative way in which he argues against faith is doing more harm than good for the atheist cause.

Dawkins appears to care little about what others think about his approach, atheist or otherwise, as after all these years he's still gunning for the religious.

In his own eyes at least, "aggressive" would be too strong a term for his stinging attacks on faith.

"I'm not aggressive!" Dawkins exclaimed in last week's appearance at the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences (University of Connecticut), when Dean Jeremy Teitelbaum asked him why he had come to take "quite an aggressive stand against God and promote atheism".

On second thoughts, "Well, perhaps I'm angry," he admitted, before dropping the pretences altogether and making clear what he thinks about anyone who teaches children anything other than his beliefs on evolution.[62]

Richard Dawkins and anger about the Christian doctrine of atonement through Jesus Christ

At YouTube there is a video where Richard Dawkins gets very angry about the Christian doctrine of the atoning work of Jesus Christ on the cross: Richard Dawkins gets angry[63]

Easily angered atheists and internet trolls

See also: Atheism and arrogance and Atheism and humor and Atheism and intolerance

Although the secular left is known for ridiculing religion since at least the time of French Revolution (see: Atheism and mockery), the secular left is known for its humorlessness when it comes to others mocking of its ideology (See also: Atheism and humor and Atheism and intolerance).

Both atheists and Muslims have developed a reputation of being thin-skinned (and for wanting to impose their ideology on others). It has been quipped that "Atheism is the easiest religion to troll".[64][65] Internet trolls often actively pursue trolling atheists due to their penchant of being so proud and so easily angered.[66]

In 2012, The Guardian published an article entitled Limmy's Show: Confessions of an internet troll which had the subtitle There's a witch-hunt going on against internet trolls right now. But, argues Scots funnyman Limmy, randomly goading atheists, jocks and non-existent techno geeks can be fun.[67] And of course, being thin-skinned is symptomatic of having excessive pride.

Breitbart journalist Milo Yiannopoulos, a self-described provocateur, indicates "the reason I have a go at atheists is that it's fun. They are so thin-skinned. They are like libertarians, or...they are like liberal Democrats in the UK or..feminists in fact. They are so easy to wind up... They are so touchy."[68]

Most people and cultures take a very dim view of proud people and some cultures are known for actively engaging humbling successful people and/or proud people (Several Anglosphere nations are known for having tall poppy syndrome and Filipinos are known for having a "crab culture". Crabs in a bucket of water will pull down crabs trying to escape from the bucket).

Atheism, biblical fools and anger

Richard Dawkins flip-flops between atheism and agnosticism as far as his public persona (see: Richard Dawkins and agnosticism).

The writers of the Bible considered the existence of God to be self-evident and Moses simply wrote: "In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth." (Genesis 1:1).[69]

Accordingly, the psalmist David declared:

"The fool has said in his heart, 'There is no God.' They are corrupt, they have done abominable works, there is none that doeth good." — Psalms 14:1 (KJV)

King Solomon declares in the book of Proverbs: "A fool always loses his temper, But a wise man holds it back." (Proverbs 29:11).

See also

External links

Notes

  1. Christian Philosopher Explores Causes of Atheism
  2. Anger at God common, even among atheists
  3. When atheists are angry at God by Joe Carter at FirstThings.com website
  4. Greta Christina - Why Are You Atheists So Angry?
  5. The Appostates by Kate Knibbs, The Ringer
  6. Half of Americans believe in angels, Washington Times
  7. Answering an atheist's question
  8. [1]
  9. Indian J Psychiatry. 2009 Apr-Jun; 51(2): 153–156. doi: 10.4103/0019-5545.49459, PMCID: PMC2755173, Forgiveness: A note for psychiatrists by Prakash Gangdev
  10. The 6 Types of Atheists and Non-Believers in America By Amanda Marcotte / AlterNet July 11, 2013
  11. [http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00223980.2013.866929#abstract The Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied Volume 149, Issue 3, 2015], The Myth of the Angry Atheist
  12. Science Shows New Atheists to be Mean and Closed-Minded
  13. Why Sam Harris is Unlikely to Change his Mind by JONATHAN HAIDT, February 3, 2014 8:36 pm
  14. Science Shows New Atheists to be Mean and Closed-Minded
  15. Why conservatives are happier than liberals, Monday, August 11, 2008
  16. [http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00223980.2013.866929#abstract The Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied, Volume 149, Issue 3, 2015, The Myth of the Angry Atheist
  17. Sticks and stones may break my bones, but words can rip my soul
  18. The atheist community and internet atheism is still a hostile wasteland
  19. An Open Letter from Blair Scott
  20. An Open Letter from Blair Scott
  21. [Trouble With Humanists: How atheophobic attitudes among Humanists compromise the fight for freedom of conscience] by David Rand, Humanist Perspectives, article is from issue 185, Summer 2013
  22. My Time With Richard Dawkins (Or, Why You Should Never Meet Your Idols) by Sarah at Skepchick, September 5, 2013
  23. Reddit Rapture: How r/atheism Suddenly Lost 10,000 Users
  24. The implosion of r/atheism: What Reddit can tell us about building community by Vlad Chituc
  25. Top Atheist Leader Calls for the ‘Eradication’ of ‘Fundamentalist Christians’, RedState, September 16th, 2011 at 10:11 AM
  26. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18245818
  27. http://www.barna.org/barna-update/article/5-barna-update/58-practical-outcomes-replace-biblical-principles-as-the-moral-standard
  28. J Adolesc Health. 2001 Jun;28(6):450-7. From early to late adolescence: alcohol use and anger relationships. Weiner MD1, Pentz MA, Turner GE, Dwyer JH.
  29. [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20409438 J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2010, May;71(3):434-44. Negative affect, relapse, and Alcoholics Anonymous (AA): does AA work by reducing anger? Kelly JF1, Stout RL, Tonigan JS, Magill M, Pagano ME.
  30. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 1998 Jun;22(4):902-7. Anger in an inpatient treatment sample of chronic alcoholics.Tivis LJ1, Parsons OA, Nixon SJ.
  31. Evangelist: Atheists know they are wrong
  32. Evangelist: Atheists know they are wrong
  33. Anger at God common, even among atheists
  34. Anger at God common, even among atheists
  35. [Why Do Atheists Get So Angry When Christians Talk About Their Unbelief?] by Jennifer LeClaire, Charisma News, 12:30PM EST 11/22/2013
  36. Atheist loses debate to theist & admits God exists
  37. Atheist loses debate to theist & admits God exists
  38. Atheists hate God
  39. Where did my IQ points go?
  40. Irrational Atheists
  41. Forced Secularization in Soviet Russia: Why an Atheistic Monopoly Failed
  42. http://www.alternet.org/media/47052?page=entire
  43. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SlnVe934u38&feature=related
  44. William Lane Craig is avoided by Richard Dawkins
  45. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/religion/8511931/Richard-Dawkins-accused-of-cowardice-for-refusing-to-debate-existence-of-God.html
  46. Richard Dawkins accused of cowardice for refusing to debate existence of God, The Daily Telegraph, May 14, 2011
  47. Richard Dawkins is either a fool or a coward for refusing to debate William Lane Craig - October 21, 2011 - The Daily Telegraph
  48. doi: 10.1177/1077801207308259 ]Violence Against Women, Race/Ethnicity, Religious Involvement, and Domestic Violence,] November 2007 vol. 13 no. 11 1094-1112
  49. doi: 10.1177/1077801207308259 Violence Against Women, Race/Ethnicity, Religious Involvement, and Domestic Violence, November 2007 vol. 13 no. 11 1094-1112
  50. Demography. 2006 Feb;43(1):127-40. Why are cohabiting relationships more violent than marriages?. Kenney CT1, McLanahan SS.
  51. John Lennon and Chris Brown Have Something in Common
  52. Top 50 Countries With Highest Proportion of Atheists / Agnostics(Zuckerman, 2005)
  53. Sweden stands out in domestic violence study Published: 05 Mar 2014 08:3
  54. Sweden stands out in domestic violence study Published: 05 Mar 2014 08:3
  55. Top 50 Countries With Highest Proportion of Atheists / Agnostics(Zuckerman, 2005)
  56. Photo: Evolution Less Accepted in U.S. Than Other Western Countries, Study Finds
  57. Dawkins: Mock them. Ridicule them! In public
  58. Dawkins: Mock them. Ridicule them! In public
  59. Why Sam Harris is Unlikely to Change his Mind by JONATHAN HAIDT, February 3, 2014 8:36 pm
  60. Why Sam Harris is Unlikely to Change his Mind by JONATHAN HAIDT, February 3, 2014 8:36 pm
  61. Richard Dawkins has gone so far, he’s lost even his atheist friends, The National
  62. Richard Dawkins: I'm not aggressive about God...perhaps just angry
  63. RICHARD DAWKINS: Is The Bible Still Relevant Today - THE BIG QUESTIONS
  64. "Martin Wefail" on Twitter
  65. Atheism is the easiest religion to troll
  66. Limmy's Show: Confessions of an internet troll, The Guardian, Brian Limond The Guardian, Friday 9 November 2012 10.00 EST
  67. Limmy's Show: Confessions of an internet troll, The Guardian, Brian Limond The Guardian, Friday 9 November 2012 10.00 EST
  68. Milo Yiannopoulos vs Atheism
  69. Harr, Ken and Lisle, Dr. Jason (August 9, 2007). "Chapter 1: Is there really a God?" The New Answers Book. Answers in Genesis.