Atheism and humor

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Richard Dawkins
The movie The Atheist Delusion features the new atheist Richard Dawkins being the object of audience laughter due to something unreasonable he said.[1] Dawkins indignantly asked the audience, "Why is that funny?".[2]

Historically, atheists have skewed towards the left side of the political aisle (see: Atheism and politics and Secular left and Atheism and communism).[3][4][5][6][7]

Although the secular left is known for ridiculing religion since at least the time of French Revolution (see: Atheism and mockery), the secular left is known for its humorlessness when it comes to others mocking of its ideology (See also: Atheism and intolerance and Atheist hypocrisy).

The writer James Thurber declared:

The leftists have made a concerted attack on humor as an antisocial, antiracial, antilabor, antiproletarian stereotype,” Thurber wrote in 1960, “and they have left no stereotype unused in their attacks, from ‘no time for comedy’ to the grim warnings that humor is a sickness, a sign of inferiority complex, a shield and not a weapon.[8]

Heywood Gould wrote in Heatstreet:

The left is trying to remake the world and feels immune to ridicule. It condemns humor as a bourgeois plot to make the oppressed laugh at and accept their exploitation.

Bernie Sanders admits he has a “bad sense of humor.” He won’t need it once his Revolution comes,

According to Marxist theorist Tom McLaughlin: “Under Socialism there will be no classes and consequently no class conflict. Humor will cease to reflect any objective reality and will wither away.”...

When Jerry Seinfeld revealed that fellow comedians had warned him away from colleges because they “were too PC,” he was savaged by the left media. Columnist Amanda Marcotte accused him of making excuses for being “a second rate hack.”[9]

New Atheism and mockery/ridicule

Richard Dawkins
The new atheist Richard Dawkins has encouraged his supporters to go beyond humorous ridicule.[10] He wrote, "I lately started to think that we need to go further: go beyond humorous ridicule, sharpen our barbs to a point where they really hurt."[11]

The new atheist Richard Dawkins said about New Atheism, "[O]ur struggle is not so much an intellectual struggle, as a political one: What are we going to do about it?”.[12]

The Shadow To Light blog commenting on the new atheist strategy of using ridicule and mockery wrote:

As we have seen, ridicule and mockery of the religious are key components of the New Atheist Movement. According to John Loftus, “It’s not just the so-called “new atheists” like Richard Dawkins, Bill Maher, and PZ Myers who advocate ridicule. I do too (see below). So does Richard Carrier, as does Stephen Law.” The ridicule not only come from the writings of the New Atheists, but they also engage in such tactics with their memes and their YouTube videos.

As they have told us, the mockery and ridicule is part of a socio-political plan, meaning that it is propaganda...

Clearly, the ridicule/mockery is “used primarily to influence an audience and further an agenda” and to “produce an emotional rather than a rational response.” Thus, a movement that postures as if it champions reason is actually relying on propaganda, demonstrating the so-called committment to reason is a sham.[13]

Accusations that new atheists are self-righteous and tend to lack a sense of humor

Gayle Trotter wrote in First Things about Mary Eberstadt's satirical book on New Atheism:

In an anything-but-apologetic apologia, Mary Eberstadt challenges the many spokesmen (and they are almost all men) for the New Atheism in her satire, The Loser Letters...

Why does she take on the New Atheists? As Eberstadt said at her book launch, “their movement has repeatedly assailed religious people as self-righteous, ignorant of history, and humorless, all the while remaining self-righteous, ignorant of history, and humorless itself to a quite remarkable degree.” As a result, “this movement aids and abets our cultural dumbing down.” On another level, you might call The Loser Letters a defense of western civilization itself.[14]

Michael Schulson's Slate article entitled Jonathan Sacks on Richard Dawkins: “New atheists lack a sense of humor” indicates:

You write that “atheism deserves better than the new atheists.” What kind of thinkers do atheists deserve? Is there a type of atheism that our society needs?

Well, you know, Bertrand Russell was an atheist with a sense of humor. And the new atheists tend either to lack a sense of humor, or the only humor they’re capable of is sarcasm. I mean, somebody with a little intellectual humility does not say, “Anyone who disagrees with me is stupid.”[15]

The film documentary The Atheist Delusion features a humorless Richard Dawkins who is the object of audience laughter

See also: Richard Dawkins and anger and Abrasiveness of Richard Dawkins

The movie The Atheist Delusion features the new atheist Richard Dawkins being the object of audience laughter due to something unreasonable he said.[16] Dawkins indignantly asked the audience, "Why is that funny?".[17]

Dawkins has encouraged his supporters to ridicule religious believers and to go beyond humorous ridicule.[18] He wrote, "I lately started to think that we need to go further: go beyond humorous ridicule, sharpen our barbs to a point where they really hurt."[19] See also: Richard Dawkins' cult of personality

Soviet Union and humor

See also: Soviet atheism and Atheism and communism

According to the University of Cambridge, historically, the "most notable spread of atheism was achieved through the success of the 1917 Russian Revolution, which brought the Marxist-Leninists to power."[20] Vitalij Lazarʹevič Ginzburg, a Soviet physicist, wrote that the "Bolshevik communists were not merely atheists but, according to Lenin's terminology, militant atheists."[21] Soviet atheism/communism advocated the spread of atheistic communism around the world and efforts were made to spread communism outside of Russia.

Soviet Union and the Department of Jokes

Joseph Stalin, the Premier of the Soviet Union from 6 May 1941 to 5 March 1953, patronised the League of Militant Atheists, whose chief aim, under the leadership of Yemelyan Yaroslavsky, was to propagate militant atheism and eradicate religion.[22][23]

Dwight Eisenhower said that Joseph Stalin was humorless.[24]

The Soviet Union practiced state atheism and the atheism was of a militant atheism variety. See also: Soviet atheism and Atheism and communism

Listverse declares in its article 10 Bizarre Ways The Soviet Union Controlled Its People

For comedians in the Soviet Union, every attempt at humor had to be read from a government-approved list of comedic material. Each year, comedians were required to submit every joke they’d written to a section of The Ministry of Culture called The Department of Jokes, and they couldn’t crack a single one until it had been approved.

Jokes against the state, of course, were forbidden, as was everything even remotely edgy. Even jokes against the United States had to be tame. When the list came back, comedians were usually left with just a handful of tame jokes about their mother-in-laws. For the next year, they could only tell jokes from their approved list. Improvisation was strictly forbidden. The only way a comedian could keep an act fresh was to steal gags from the competition. Plagiarism was fine, as long as the material you stole was approved.[25]

The website Open Culture was about the Department of Jokes:

For example, about twenty minutes into his.. interview, Smirnoff discuss the serious subject of joke approval in the Soviet Union. That’s right, in all seriousness, he tells us, comics were required to submit their material to a Department of Jokes. Smirnoff also once spoke expansively on the subject in a 1985 Chicago Tribune piece on him at his peak.

Yep. There’s a Department of Jokes. Actually, the Ministry of Culture has a very big department of humor. I’m serious now. Once a year they censor your material, and then you have to stay with what they have approved. You can`t improvise or do anything like that. You write out your material and mail it to them, and they send it back to you with corrections. After that, you stay with it for a year.

It is perhaps for this reason that comics in Soviet Russia borrowed liberally from each other, rarely did original material, and never, ever improvised. Says Smirnoff: “I would do some original material, but that would be unusual. Also, it was OK for comedians to borrow—if one of the big comedians went on television and did a monolog, next day 10 or 20 other comedians would do the same thing in clubs. That wasn’t considered stealing.”[26]

Vladimir Lenin: Humorless and uncompromising

Vladimir Lenin similarly wrote regarding atheism and communism: "A Marxist must be a materialist, i. e., an enemy of religion, but a dialectical materialist, i. e., one who treats the struggle against religion not in an abstract way, not on the basis of remote, purely theoretical, never varying preaching, but in a concrete way, on the basis of the class struggle which is going on in practice and is educating the masses more and better than anything else could."[27]

Craig A. Lockard, author of the book Societies, Networks, and Transitions, described the militant atheist and communist Vladimir Lenin as being "humorless and uncompromising".[28]

Dwight Eisenhower said that Joseph Stalin was humorless

Joseph Stalin, the Premier of the Soviet Union from 1941 to 1953, patronised the League of Militant Atheists, whose chief aim, under the leadership of Yemelyan Yaroslavsky, was to propagate militant atheism and eradicate religion.[22][23]

Dwight Eisenhower said that Joseph Stalin was humorless.[29]

Joke about workers in the Soviet Union

See also: Atheism and sloth

Soviet state atheism was largely unsuccessful in making converts as a whole and state atheism had more success in urban regions than rural regions.[30] See also: Atheism and its retention rate in individuals

In the former Soviet Union, a popular joke was that the workers pretended to work and the Soviet Union pretended to pay them.[31]

Jiang Qing was humorless, tough and unfeminine

In 1955, Chinese communist leader Zhou Enlai declared, "We Communists are atheists".[32] In 2014, the Communist Party of China reaffirmed that members of their party must be atheists.[33]

Jiang Qing was the Chinese communist Mao Zedong's wife and he entrusted her with leading the Cultural Revolution. Mao directed her to lead efforts as far as attacking his opposition. She said of herself, "I was Mao's dog. When he said to bite, I bit."[34]

Richard Nixon wrote about Jiang Qing. "I have never met a more cold, graceless person... Jiang Qing was tough, humorless, totally unfeminine, the ideal prototype of the sexless, fanatical Communist woman".[35]

Margaret MacMillan in her book Nixon and Mao: The Week That Changed the World wrote that Jiang was "humorless, self-righteous, capricious and vengeful."[36]

North Korean ban on sarcasm

Sketch of Kim Jong-un

North Korea practices state atheism and belief in God is actively discouraged.[37] Open Doors, an organization based in the United States, has put North Korea at the very top of its list of countries where Christians face significant persecution - for 12 years in a row.[38]

Tina Nguyen wrote about North Korea at Vanity Fair:

Kim Jong Un just can’t take a joke. The last time the North Korean dictator found himself on the receiving end of some gentle ribbing, as the subject of James Franco and Seth Rogen’s assassination comedy The Interview, Kim’s repressive regime allegedly hacked Sony Pictures, apparently in retaliation. Now, the absolutist leader is taking his hostility toward humor to a farcical new extreme, banning all sarcasm throughout the Hermit Kingdom in an attempt to crack down on dissent and quash any further laughs at his expense.[39]

The Finnish news organization Gbtimes says about North Korea in their article Laughing at the humorless, "No one really knows anything about North Korea, except that it’s a funny country where hardly anyone ever laughs."[40]

Khieu Samphan: Humorless Prime Minister of the Khmer Rouge government provided the ideological basis for the Khmer Rouge

See also: Atheism and mass murder

The Christian apologist Greg Koukl writes in his article The Real Murderers: Atheism or Christianity?:

Finally, in Cambodia (and this was close to me because I lived in Thailand in 1982 working with the broken pieces of the Cambodian holocaust from 1975 to 1979) "as a percentage of a nation's total population, the worst genocide appears to be that in Cambodia, formerly Kampuchea. According to the Khmer Rouge foreign minister, more than one third of the eight million Khmer were killed between April 17, 1975 and January 1979. One third of the entire country was put to death under the rule of Pol Pott, the founder of the Communist Part of Kampuchea. During that time towns, money and property were abolished. Economic execution by bayonet and club introduced for such offenses as falling asleep during the day, asking to too many questions, playing non-communist music, being old and feeble, being the offspring of an undesirable, or being too well educated. In fact, deaths in the Tuol Sleng interrogation center in Pnom Penh, which is the capitol of Kampuchea, reached 582 in a day."[41]

Asia Week wrote:

Khieu Samphan, 67. French-educated, his thesis provided ideological basis for the Khmer Rouge. Studious and humorless, was appointed prime minister of KR government in 1979. Has the highest international profile among the KR leaders. Sends faxes to Sihanouk. One recently warned of an assassination plot.[42]

Fidel Castro: Humorless as a child and as an adult

The New York Times indicates about the atheist and communist Fidel Castro that he was humorless as a child.[43]

The book Cuban Fiestas by Roberto González Echevarría, which was published by Yale University Press, indicates: "Castro is humorless, not like a Cuban at all."[44]

Parody and satire have their place - Christian parody of atheism and evolution

Although mere appeals to ridicule is a logical fallacy, parody and satire certainly have their place. Because Christianity is so well attested to via evidence and sound argumentation such as the work of Simon Greenleaf and other Christian apologists, Christians certainly have liberty to use parody and satire.

In terms of Christian satire, the Christian apologist JP Holding features a humorous Christian satire work entitled You may be a fundamentalist atheist if..... The biblical creationist organization Answers in Genesis has used satire to ridicule evolutionism.[45]

Thin-skinned YouTube atheists and humor

Gustave Doré's depiction of Satan from John Milton's Paradise Lost. It is often said that atheism is a result of demonic deception (see: Atheism and satanic deception). Thomas More said, "The Devil, the proud spirit, cannot endure to be mocked.".

As far as Christian internet evangelism, YouTube is a popular online video sharing site that provides a method distributing Christian/creationist videos across the world. The YouTube search engine is the second largest search engine in the world.[46]

The popular Christian YouTube channel, Shockofgod, which often uses humor to poke fun at the foolishness of atheism, was shut down several times by atheist cyberbullying through false reports, but he developed counter measures to overcome this problem.[47] These false reports were not isolated incidents. Atheists, during the time that atheists were more active at YouTube (which was at the peak of the New Atheism movement), repeatedly used this deceitful tactic to block out Christianity and creation science videos. See also: YouTube atheism

Oswald Chambers declared about atheism: "The real attitude of sin in the heart towards God is that of being without God; it is pride, the worship of myself, that is the great atheistic fact in human life." [48] See also: Atheism and arrogance

It is often said that atheism is a result of demonic deception (see: Atheism and satanic deception).

In a 2008 interview, Dinesh D'Souza declared:

Look at Satan's reason for rebelling against God. It's not that he doesn't recognize that God is greater than he is. He does. It's just that he doesn't want to play by anybody else's rules. This idea that it is better to reign in hell than to serve in heaven is Satan's motto, and it turns out that this is also the motto of contemporary atheists such as Christopher Hitchens.[49]

Thomas More said, "The Devil, the proud spirit, cannot endure to be mocked.".[50]

Atheism and trolls and atheist trolls

creationism
"But the one who rules in heaven laughs. The Lord scoffs at them." - Psalm 2:4 (ESV)

Both atheists and Muslims have developed a reputation of being thin-skinned (and for wanting to impose their ideology on others). It has been quipped that "Atheism is the easiest religion to troll".[51][52] Internet trolls often actively pursue trolling atheists due to their penchant of being so proud and so easily angered.[53]

In 2012, The Guardian published an article entitled Limmy's Show: Confessions of an internet troll which had the subtitle There's a witch-hunt going on against internet trolls right now. But, argues Scots funnyman Limmy, randomly goading atheists, jocks and non-existent techno geeks can be fun.[54] And of course, being thin-skinned is symptomatic of having excessive pride.

Breitbart journalist Milo Yiannopoulos, a self-described provocateur, indicates "the reason I have a go at atheists is that it's fun. They are so thin-skinned. They are like libertarians, or...they are like liberal Democrats in the UK or..feminists in fact. They are so easy to wind up... They are so touchy."[55]

Most people and cultures take a very dim view of proud people and some cultures are known for actively engaging humbling successful people and/or proud people (Several Anglosphere nations are known for having tall poppy syndrome and Filipinos are known for having a "crab culture". Crabs in a bucket of water will pull down crabs trying to escape from the bucket).

Atheist trolls and atheist bullying:

At the same time, atheists are known for trolling others and for engaging in internet atheist bullying.[56][57]

Comedian Henny Youngman on atheism

"I once wanted to become an atheist but I gave up . . . they have no holidays." - Henny Youngman[58]

See also

Notes

  1. The Atheist Delusion Movie (2016) HD
  2. The Atheist Delusion Movie (2016) HD
  3. Atheists & Agnostics in America Tend to be Politically Liberal
  4. Marxism. University of Cambridge (2008). Retrieved on 2011–03–15. “The most notable spread of atheism was achieved through the success of the 1917 Russian Revolution, which brought the Marxist-Leninists to power. For the first time in history, atheism thus became the official ideology of a state.”
  5. James Adair (2007). Christianity. JBE Online Books. Retrieved on 2011–03–15. “Although the Civil Constitution called for religious liberty, which was extended to Jews as well as Christians, many revolutionaries pushed for the establishment of a new state religion, either the Cult of Reason (atheists) or the Cult of the Supreme Being (Deists). Changes toAlthough the Civil Constitution called for religious liberty, which was extended to Jews as well as Christians, many revolutionaries pushed for the establishment of a new state religion, either the Cult of Reason (atheists) or the Cult of the Supreme Being (Deists). Changes to the calendar eliminated references to Christian holidays, and even the ancient seven-day week, and a ist of officially recognized saints included such famous thinkers such as Socrates, Jesus, Marcus Aurelius, and Jean-Jacques Rosseau. A period of political persecution, often with religious overtones, broke out, known as the Reign of Teror. Thousands of people were executed by the guillotine, including many of the original leaders of the French Revolution.” 
  6. William Belsham (1801). Memoirs of the reign of George III. to the session of parliament ending A.D. 1793, Volume 5. G.G. & J. Robinson. Retrieved on 2011–03–15. “Reign of this portentous period, it has been eloquently tenor, and energetically observed, " that the reign of atheism in France was avowed the reign of terror. In the full madness of their career, in the highest climax of their horrors, they shut up the temples of God, abolished His worship, and proclaimed death to be an eternal sleep:-in the very centre of Christendom, Revelation underwent a total eclipse, while atheism, performing on a darkened theatre its strange and fearful tragedy, confounded the first elements of society, blended every age, rank, and sex ,indiscriminate proscription and massacre, and convulsed all Europe to its centre, that the imperishable memorial of these events might teach the last generations of mankind to consider religion as the pillar of society, the parent of social order, and the safe-guard of nations." It is wonderful that, amid the horrors of this dismal period, while "the death dance of democratic revolution" was still in rapid movement, among the tears of affliction, and the cries of despair, "the masque, the song, the theatric scene, the buffoon laughter, went on as regularly as in the gay hour of festive peace."” 
  7. William Kilpatrick (2012). Christianity, Islam, and Atheism: The Struggle for the Soul of the West. Ignatius Press. Retrieved on 2011–03–15. “Actually, it's helpful to think in terms of two Enlightenments: the Enlightenment that cut itself off from God. The former led to the American Revolution, the Declaration of Independence, the abolition of slavery, and the civil rights movement. The latter led to the French Revolution, the Reign of Terror, the suppression of church by state, and the godless philosophies of Marx and Nietzsche and their offspring-National Socialism and communism. More recently the abandonment of God has led to the regime of cultural relativism that regards rights as arbitrary constructions. It's this second Enlightenment tradition that Cardinal Ratzinger referred to when he wrote, "The radical detachment of the Enlightenment philosophy from its roots ultimately leads it to dispense with man." Actually this transition happened no "ultimately" but almost immediately. The first instance occurred when Enlightenment worship of abstract "reason" and "liberty" degenearated quickly into the mass murders committed during the antireligious Reign of Terror in France. "Liberty, what crimes are committed in your name", said Madam Rolande as she faced the statue of Liberty in the Place de la Revolution movements before her death at the guillotine. She was one of the early victims of a succession of secular systems based on rootless notions of "liberty", "equality", and "reason". As many historians have pointed out, the atheist regimes of modern times are guilty of far more crimes than any committed in the name of religion. Communist governments alone were guilty of more than one hundred million murders, most of them committed against their own people.” 
  8. Notable & Quotable: The Humorless Left, From Stephen E. Kercher’s “Revel With a Cause: Liberal Satire in Postwar America.”, Wall Street Journal
  9. Beyond a Joke: Why Millennials are Losing their Sense of Humor
  10. Dawkins: Mock them. Ridicule them! In public
  11. Dawkins: Mock them. Ridicule them! In public
  12. Faithless: The politics of new atheism by Steven Kettell
  13. Understanding Why New Atheists Use Ridicule
  14. Intimidating Intelligence Dims the Brights by Gayle Trotter
  15. [Jonathan Sacks on Richard Dawkins: “New atheists lack a sense of humor”] by Michael Schulson, Slate
  16. The Atheist Delusion Movie (2016) HD
  17. The Atheist Delusion Movie (2016) HD
  18. Dawkins: Mock them. Ridicule them! In public
  19. Dawkins: Mock them. Ridicule them! In public
  20. Investigating atheism: Marxism. University of Cambridge (2008). Retrieved on July 17, 2014. “The most notable spread of atheism was achieved through the success of the 1917 Russian Revolution, which brought the Marxist-Leninists to power. For the first time in history, atheism thus became the official ideology of a state.”
  21. Vitalij Lazarʹevič Ginzburg (2009). On Superconductivity and Superfluidity: A Scientific Autobiography. Springer Science+Business Media, 161. Retrieved on July 17, 2014. “The Bolshevik communists were not merely atheists but, according to Lenin's terminology, militant atheists.” 
  22. 22.0 22.1 Michael Hesemann, Whitley Strieber (2000). The Fatima Secret. Random House Digital, Inc.. Retrieved on 9 October 2011. “Lenin's death in 1924 was followed by the rise of Joseph Stalin, "the man of steel," who founded the "Union of Militant Atheists," whose chief aim was to spread atheism and eradicate religion. In the following years it devastated hundreds of churches, destroyed old icons and relics, and persecuted the clergy with unimaginable brutality.” 
  23. 23.0 23.1 Paul D. Steeves (1989). Keeping the faiths: religion and ideology in the Soviet Union. Holmes & Meier. Retrieved on 4 July 2013. “The League of Militant Atheists was formed in 1926 and by 1930 had recruited three million members. Five years later there were 50,000 local groups affiliated to the League and the nominal membership had risen to five million. Children from 8-14 years of age were enrolled in Groups of Godless Youth, and the League of Communist Youth (Komsomol) took a vigorous anti- religious line. Several antireligious museums were opened in former churches and a number of Chairs of Atheism were established in Soviet universities. Prizes were offered for the best 'Godless hymns' and for alternative versions of the Bible from which ... the leader of the League of Militant Atheists, Yemelian Yaroslavsky, said: "When a priest is deprived of his congregation, that does not mean that he stops being a priest. He changes into an itinerant priest. He travels around with his primitive tools in the villages, performs religious rites, reads prayers, baptizes children. Such wandering priests are at times more dangerous than those who carry on their work at a designated place of residence." The intensified persecution, which was a part of the general terror inflicted upon Soviet society by Stalin's policy, ...” 
  24. Presidential Anecdotes By Paul F. Boller, page 295.
  25. 10 Bizarre Ways The Soviet Union Controlled Its People
  26. Yakov Smirnoff Remembers “The Soviet Department of Jokes” & Other Staples of Communist Comedy, Open Culture
  27. Lenin, Vladimir Ilyich. The Attitude of the Workers' Party to Religion, 1909.
  28. Societies, Networks, and Transitions, Volume 2: Since 1450. By Craig A. Lockard, page 662
  29. Presidential Anecdotes By Paul F. Boller, page 295.
  30. [http://www.thedivineconspiracy.org/Z3211C.pdf Forced Secularization in Soviet Russia: Why an Atheistic Monopoly Failed]
  31. You Pretend to work and Putin pretends to pay you
  32. Noebel, David, The Battle for Truth, Harvest House, 2001.
  33. The Culture of Power: The Lin Biao Incident in the Cultural Revolution By Qiu Jinpage 148
  34. Madame Chiang Kai-Shek: China's Eternal First Lady By Laura Tyson Li, page 411
  35. Nixon and Mao: The Week That Changed the World by Margaret MacMillan [1]
  36. Elizabeth Raum. North Korea. Series: Countries Around the World. Heinemann, 2012. ISBN 1432961330. p. 28: «North Korea is an atheist state. This means that people do not pray in public or attend places of worship. Buddhist temples exist from earlier times. They are now preserved as historic buildings, but they are not used for worship. A few Christian churches exist, but few people attend services. North Koreans do not celebrate religious holidays.»
  37. Repressive, atheist North Korea has a surprising relationship with Christian missionaries
  38. [Brilliant: Kim Jong Un Bans Sarcasm in North Korea] by Tina Nguyen, Vanity Fair
  39. Laughing at the humorless, gbtimes
  40. The Real Murderers: Atheism or Christianity? by Greg Koukl
  41. A Rogues' Gallery, Asia Week
  42. THE WORLD; Who Is Raul Castro?, New York Times
  43. Cuban Fiestas, Yale University Press
  44. Satirical Cartoons by Answers in Genesis
  45. http://www.tgdaily.com/trendwatch-features/39777-youtube-surpasses-yahoo-as-world%E2%80%99s-2-search-engine
  46. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Kax-zAJxi-U
  47. Chambers, Oswald (1953). God's Workmanship (London: Oswald Chambers Publications Association and Marshall, Morgan & Scott).
  48. Salvomag.com The Apologist, An Interview with Dinesh D'Souza, Author of What's So Great About Christianity by Marcia Segelstein
  49. Advice to Hell Raiser by Carl Sundell, New Oxford Review, June 2011
  50. "Martin Wefail" on Twitter
  51. Atheism is the easiest religion to troll
  52. Limmy's Show: Confessions of an internet troll, The Guardian, Brian Limond The Guardian, Friday 9 November 2012 10.00 EST
  53. Limmy's Show: Confessions of an internet troll, The Guardian, Brian Limond The Guardian, Friday 9 November 2012 10.00 EST
  54. Milo Yiannopoulos vs Atheism
  55. Atheist trolls
  56. The distribution of atheist intelligence by Vox Day
  57. http://www.bartleby.com/63/79/4779.html