Atheism vs. Islam

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Richard Dawkins
Richard Dawkins is dismissive of the concept of Islamophobia and declared: "I’m always being accused of Islamophobia, that’s a non-word."[1]

From a global perspective, Europe is more secular/atheistic than most areas of the the rest of the world (See: Global atheism). However, secular Europe does have a considerable amount of religious immigrants who have higher birth rates (see: Desecularization of Europe).[2]

The current atheist population mostly resides in East Asia (particularly China) and in secular Europe/Australia primarily among whites (See: Western atheism and race).[3]

Due to the growing number of Muslims moving into secular Europe/Western World and the ideological differences between the atheist worldview and the Islamic religion, there has been growing tension between atheists/secularists and Muslims - particularly between militant atheists and militant Islamacists.

The New Atheists Richard Dawkins, Sam Harris and the late Christopher Hitchens have received multiple accusations of engaging in Islamophobic behavior.[4] Dawkins is dismissive of the concept of Islamophobia and declared: "I’m always being accused of Islamophobia, that’s a non-word."[5] See also: Richard Dawkins and Islamophobia accusations and New Atheism and Islamophobia

On the other hand, defenders of atheist criticisms of Islam/Muslims indicated that New Atheists should be able to criticize Islam without being accused of Islamophobia.[6]

Christopher Hitchens displayed provocative rhetoric and bloodlust towards radical Islamacists.[7] At the opening of the David Horowitz Freedom Center, Hitchens said of radical Islamacists, "It is a pleasure and a duty to kill these people".[8] Hitchens said of Islamic Iran, which engages in state-sponsored terrorism, "As for that benighted country, I wouldn't shed a tear if it was wiped off the face of this earth”.[9]

Contents

Future of Islam in Europe and the desecularization of Europe

According to Pew Forum, by 2030 Muslims are projected to make up 8% of Europe’s population.[10]

According to Pew Forum:

In recent decades, the Muslim share of the population throughout Europe grew about 1 percentage point a decade, from 4% in 1990 to 6% in 2010. This pattern is expected to continue through 2030, when Muslims are projected to make up 8% of Europe’s population.[11]

Professor Philip Jenkins at Penn State University projects that by 2100, Muslims will be about 25% of Europe's population. Jenkins indicates that this figure does not take account divergent birthrates amongst Europe's various immigrant Christians.[12]

In April 2010, Eric Kaufmann indicated concerning the future of Islam in Europe:

I address this in some detail in the book, as well is in a recent article in the April issue of Prospect magazine here in Britain. The short answer is that I don’t foresee a Muslim-majority Europe in this century or in the next. Why? Mainly because Muslim birthrates are plunging both in Europe and the Muslim world. Already, Iran, Tunisia, Turkey, Azerbaijan and several other Muslim countries have replacement-level fertility or below. In the UK, Bangladeshi and Pakistani fertility has halved in a generation and is now under 3 children per woman. This means their long-term growth will begin to tail off. The other part of the equation is the rise of non-Muslim immigrant groups (African and West Indian Christians, Hindus, Buddhists and other Eastern faiths) who are also increasing and therefore making Europe more plural and, in the process, rendering it harder for Muslims to increase their share of the population.

That said, Muslim membership retention and in-group marriage is exceptionally high (over 90 per cent) and they are a much younger population than the host society. So they are on course for steady growth. My colleagues and I expect their fertility to fall to host levels by 2030, but they will still make up 5-15 per cent of most West European countries by 2050 and 10-25 per cent by 2100. This is a major change from the 2-6 per cent levels of today[13]

Investor's Business Daily on the flood of Muslim immigrants to Europe

Investor's Business Daily wrote in 2015 concerning a flood of Muslim immigrants to the European Union: {{cquote|The European Union is bracing for as many as 800,000 mostly Muslim refugees arriving from the chaos in the Middle East this year, mainly Syria, Iraq and Eritrea.

And it may be just the beginning. Can the EU withstand such a religio-demographic earthquake? Its failure to enforce any concept of borders isn't a good sign....

Assimilation offers little hope. Parts of France — especially its notorious banlieues outside major cities like Paris — are virtual no-go zones. London's are little better. Italy, Germany, the Netherlands and Scandinavia all have large, unassimilated Muslim populations.

Those populations are growing. Europe isn't. As far back as 2011, the Pew Forum noted that Europe's Muslim population was expected to almost double from 30 million in 1990 to 57 million in 2030.

That's surely now an underestimate. Add to this the inevitability of jihadists slipping across porous EU borders, and Europe is in deep trouble.

Anger is welling up, and nationalist parties are spreading across the Continent. As 20th century history showed, Europe doesn't react well to social upheaval.

Can Europe survive the coming storm? Doubtful.[14]}

Expected growth of Muslim population in the UK

According to Channel 4 News:

There were 1.6 million Muslims in England and Wales in 2001, or 3 per cent of the population, according to the census. By 2011 the Muslim population had grown to 2.7 million people or 4.8 per cent of the population...

Assuming patterns of net immigration do not change significantly, the Pew Forum thinks that there will be just over 5.5 million British Muslims, representing 8.2 per cent of the UK population, by 2030.

None of this is an exact science, and some demographers say total fertility rate overestimates the lifetime fertility of immigrants because it doesn’t adjust for the fact that they tend to have children soon after arriving.[15]

At the same time, over several decades/centuries, silent demographic changes due to higher fertility rates can have large scale consequences.[16]

Muslim population growth in Germany

According to the thinktank the Gatestone Institute:

Adding the 800,000 Muslim migrants who arrived in Germany in 2015, and the 240,000 who arrived in 2016, combined with the 77,000 natural increase, the Muslim population of Germany jumped by 1,117,000, to reach an estimated 6,262,000 by the end of 2016. This amounts to approximately 7.5% of Germany's overall population of 82 million.[17]

Growing anti-Muslim sentiments in Europe and its possible effects

In recent years, there is growing anti-Muslim and anti-immigration political activities in Europe and growing violence against Muslims. Muslims not assimilating into European society, Islamic terrorism in Europe and high profile incidences of Muslim migrants raping native European women is contributing to anti-Islamic sentiments and violence against Muslims.[18][19][20]

Given Europe's violence in the past and its economic problems, it is argued that anti-Muslim violence will increase and that an expulsion of Muslims from various European countries may occur.[21][22] In 2015, Spanish police were accused of breaking international law by beating African migrants who climbed border fences and deporting them on the spot without asylum procedures.[23]

Chinese atheistic communists vs. conservative Islam

See also: Militant atheism and Islamic terrorism

China has the largest atheist population in the world.[24]

China has the largest atheist population in the world.[25] In 2014, the Communist Party of China reaffirmed that members of their party must be atheists.[26][27]

In communist China, there is a degree of religious persecution that occurs and it varies depending on the particular time period, local leaders and the growth of the particular religion (see: Atheistic communism and repression and Atheistic, Chinese communism and torture).

In 2014, the Washington Post reported:

The month of Ramadan should have been a time of fasting, charity and prayer in China’s Muslim west. But here, in many of the towns and villages of southern Xinjiang, it was a time of fear, repression, and violence.

China’s campaign against separatism and terrorism in its mainly Muslim west has now become an all-out war on conservative Islam, residents here say.

Throughout Ramadan,police intensified a campaign of house-to-house searches, looking for books or clothing that betray “conservative” religious belief among the region’s ethnic Uighurs: women wearing veils were widely detained, and many young men arrested on the slightest pretext, residents say. Students and civil servants were forced to eat instead of fasting, and work or attend classes instead of attending Friday prayers.

The religious repression has bred resentment, and, at times, deadly protests.[28]

In recent years, Christianity has seen rapid growth in China (see: Growth of Christianity in China)l.

Atheism, Islam and belief in evolution

evolution darwin theory
Late in Charles Darwin's life, Darwin told the Duke of Argyll that he frequently had overwhelming thoughts that the natural world was the result of design.[29] See also: 15 questions for evolutionists and Causes of evolutionary belief

See also: Atheism and beliefs

One of the ways that the atheist worldview clashes with traditional Islam is on the subject of evolution.

Western atheism and belief in evolution

Nearly all atheists in the Western World believe in evolution (see: Atheism and beliefs). In addition, since World War II a majority of the most prominent and vocal defenders of the evolutionary position which employs methodological naturalism have been atheists and agnostics (see also: Causes of evolutionary belief)[30]

Islam and belief in creation

See also: Growth of evangelical Christianity in Europe

According the news website The Commentator: "Belief in evolution remains a minority position in virtually all Muslim societies around the world today. According to studies, 22 percent of Turks, 16 percent of Indonesians, 14 percent of Pakistanis, 11 percent of Malaysians, and 8 percent of Egyptians believe in evolution."[31]

In 2010, the Islamic creationist Harun Yahya was chosen among the top 500 most influential Muslims by the Royal Islamic Strategic Studies center in Jordan.[32]

In 2009, The Guardian reported:

Mass migration has led to a rise in creationist beliefs across Europe, according to a British scientist.

Michael Reiss, who is a professor of education at the Institute of Education in London and an Anglican priest, said the evolution-creationism debate could no longer be thought of as something that happened elsewhere and that more and more people in the UK did not accept evolution.

Reiss told the Guardian that countries with a higher proportion of Muslims or fundamentalist Christians in their population were more likely to reject evolution. He added: "What the Turks believe today is what the Germans and British believe tomorrow. It is because of the mass movement of people between countries.

"These things can no longer be thought of as occurring in other countries. In London, where I work, there are increasingly quite large numbers of highly intelligent 16, 17 and 18-year-olds doing Advanced Level biology who do not accept evolution. That's either because they come from a fundamentalist Christian background or from Muslim backgrounds."[33]

New Atheism vs. Islamic creationism

See: New Atheism as a reaction to creationism

History, violence, atheism and Islam

See also: Islamic terrorism

Atheism/secularism vs. Islam: Recent high profile violent incidents

In 2015, there were violent incidents which involved militant Muslims killing atheists and an American incident which involved a militant atheist killing three American Muslims.[34][35] [36]

Below are some statistics and other relevant information relative to atheist/Muslim violence (see also: Atheism statistics).

Muslim violence against atheists/secularists

As atheism vs. Islam conflict has increased in the world, there are growing reports of Islamic governments imprisoning/executing atheists and radical Islamacists killing atheists, but they are still relatively few in number.[37] See also: Persecution of atheists

Paris ISIS terror attack in November of 2015
France has the 8th highest rate of atheism in the world with 43 - 54% of the population being atheists/agnostics/non-believers in God.[38]

See also: French atheism

France has the 8th highest rate of atheism in the world with 43 - 54% of the population being atheists/agnostics/non-believers in God.[39] In addition, France has the 4rth highest belief in evolution in the Western World.[40]

France also has the largest number of Muslims in Western Europe.

On November 13, 2015 an Islamic terrorist attack sponsored by ISIS took place which killed 129 people in Paris, France.[41][42]

The Telegraph wrote about the November 2015 Islamic terrorist attack:

The feelings of isolation and exclusion can be overwhelming, with few high profile Muslim role models in business or politics. France's stridently secular state, the banning of the burka and the power of the Front National have not helped to ease tensions between communities.

Mohamed Merah, the Toulouse shooter of 2012, grew up in a tough banlieu, began as a small-time delinquent, was sent to prison, and emerged a hardened jihadi with "meaning" in life...

Inside France's prisons, 70 per cent of the inmates are estimated to be Muslims – by law, France cannot ask a person to state their religion, so official data is unavailable. In England and Wales, by comparison, Muslims account for 14 per cent of the prison population, according to Home Office statistics, and five per cent of the population nationwide.[43]

A USA Today column of the Paris attack declared:

Which should tell you all we need to know about "why France?" Clearly there is no place in civilized society to blame the victims. But there may be some real reasons why France—and not Britain (which is flying way more sorties over Syrian and Iraqi territories held by IS), or Germany or especially the United States. A lot of it is a lingering perception of France as a soft target.[44]
Charlie Hebdo incident

Specifically, in November 2011, the Paris offices of Charlie Hebdo were fire-bombed by Muslim jihad terrorists and their website was hacked. On the 7th of January 2015, in the liberal gun free zone of Paris, three extremist Islamic terrorist French-born males armed with fully-automatic AK-47s murdered, execution-style, 10 of the staff and 2 policeman and wounded other ten people. Well known socialist cartoonists Charb, Cabu, Honoré, Tignous and Wolinski were all killed.[45]

Denmark terrorist incident at meeting entitled Art, Blasphemy and Freedom of Speech

In 2005, Denmark was ranked the third most atheistic country in the world and the website adherents.com reported that in 2005 43 - 80% of Danes are agnostics/atheists/non-believers in God.[46] Denmark has the highest rate of belief in evolution in the Western World.[47]

In February 2015, Vox Day reported:

A man, aged 40, has died after masked gunmen opened fire on the Krudttoenden cafe in Copenhagen during a meeting entitled Art, Blasphemy and Freedom of Speech. Two people were taken away on stretchers after the attack after the cafe was sprayed with 200 bullets. The French ambassador, who was present at the debate on free speech, has said it was an attempt at a Charlie Hebdo-style attack in the Danish capital.

200 shots and one kill? It certainly sounds like jihad.[48]

The event discussed the topic of drawing of pictures of Mohammed which many Muslims consider to be blasphemous.[49][50]

String of atheist and secularist bloggers killed by Islamic extremists in Bangladesh

See also: Attacks on Atheist Bloggers in Bangladesh

A number of atheist and secularist bloggers were murdered or seriously injured by Islamic militants in Bangladesh as of early 2013. Notable incidents included the attacks of Ahmed Rajib Haider (murdered)[51], Asif Mohiuddin (survived)[52], Sunnyur Rahaman (survived)[53], Shafiul Islam (murdered)[54], Avijit Roy (murdered)[55], Oyasiqur Rhaman (murdured)[56], Ananta Bijoy Das (murdured)[57], Niloy Chatterjee (murdured)[58], Faisal Arefin Dipan (murdured), Ranadeep Basu, Tareque Rahim,[59] and Ahmedur Rashid Chowdhury (murdured).[60] Many of the bloggers were active in the Shahbag movement, which demanded the death penalty for war criminal Abdul Quader Mollah.

Secular leftist Swedes and the Muslim rapists epidemic in their country

The International Business Times reported in 2014: "Sweden has the highest rate of rape in Europe, with the UN reporting 69 rape cases per 100,000 inhabitants in 2011."[61] See also: Atheism and rape

See also: Atheistic Sweden and rape and Atheism and rape

Sweden is one of the most atheistic countries in the world and the website adherents.com reported that in 2005 46 - 85% of Swedes were agnostics/atheists/non-believers in God.[62] Sweden also has the 3rd highest rate of belief in evolution as far as Western World nations.[63]

The International Business Times reported in 2014:

Sweden has the highest rate of rape in Europe, with the UN reporting 69 rape cases per 100,000 inhabitants in 2011, according to author and advocate of power feminism Naomi Wolf on opinion website Project Syndicate...

"According to rape crisis advocates in Sweden, one-third of Swedish women have been sexually assaulted by the time they leave their teens. According to a study published in 2003, and other later studies through 2009, Sweden has the highest sexual assault rate in Europe, and among the lowest conviction rates," Wolf wrote.[64]

India's Maneka Gandhi, who is the Indian Union Cabinet Minister for Women and Child Development, said when comparing India's rape rate to Sweden's: “We have four rapes per 100,000 women, while Sweden has more than 130."[65]

James Lewis wrote in The American Thinker:

Sweden's coat of arms shows two fierce, roaring lions. But a few years ago, Swedish feminists successfully campaigned to castrate the rampant lions (on a local version of the royal coat of arms), because their penises were too obviously ready for business.

Swedish politicians obligingly removed the offending members. They have done much the same thing to themselves.

And thereby hangs a tale of feminized Sweden and the Muslim rape epidemic...

In tribal cultures, war-making males commonly commit rapes while raiding enemy clans. Even chimp gangs do it. Chicago gangs do it, too – unless they are restrained by their own, or fear deadly retaliation...

No human culture promotes rape against in-group women; it is usually committed against out-group women. In-group rape is taboo, because many tribes have strict rules of exogamy (having to marry and have children outside the clan to prevent inbreeding).

In Muslim tribal cultures, rape is sanctioned outside the family, the clan, and the faith, the umma.

However, rape and the worst kinds of violence are religiously authorized in jihad war against declared out-groups. Punishment for rape can be severe if the victim is a protected family member. But infidel women are free for all. That is what ISIS is telling the world, in Iraq and Syria...

Now, next door to Sweden, Norway recently expelled almost a thousand Muslim immigrants for serious crimes, and behold! The violent crime rate dropped by 30% in Norway. Amazing but true.[66]

Secular leftists Swedes have been too cowardly to confront the Muslim community in their country and put an end to the rape epidemic. See: Atheistic Sweden and rape and Atheism and cowardice

Atheist killing of Muslims: Recent incident

Militant atheist Charles Stephen Hicks killed three Muslim young students

In 2015, the militant atheist Charles Stephen Hicks killed three Muslim young students.[67]

Islamic countries, atheism and the death penalty

See also: Atheism and the death penalty and Persecution of atheists and Capital punishment

In several Islamic countries or where Islam has significant influence, atheism is punishable by the death penalty.

In 2016, Siobhan Fenton wrote in the Independent:

In thirteen countries, you can be sentenced to death for not having a faith:
Mecca is a city in the Hejaz in Saudi Arabia, the capital of its Makkah Region.

1. Afghanistan

2. Iran

3. Malaysia

4. Maldives

5. Mauritania

6. Nigeria

7. Pakistan

8. Qatar

9. Saudi Arabia

10. Somalia

11. Sudan

12. United Arab Emirates

13. Yemen[68]

Atheism and violence

Atheism and mass murder

Joseph Stalin's atheistic regime killed tens of millions of people.

See also: Atheism and mass murder

According to the University of Cambridge, historically, the "most notable spread of atheism was achieved through the success of the 1917 Russian Revolution, which brought the Marxist-Leninists to power."[69] Vitalij Lazarʹevič Ginzburg, a Soviet physicist, wrote that the "Bolshevik communists were not merely atheists but, according to Lenin's terminology, militant atheists."[70] However, prior to this, the Reign of Terror of the French Revolution established an atheist state, with the official ideology being the Cult of Reason; during this time thousands of believers were suppressed and executed by the guillotine.[71]

It is estimated that in the past 100 years, governments under the banner of atheistic communism have caused the death of somewhere between 40,472,000 to 259,432,000 human lives.[72] Dr. R. J. Rummel, professor emeritus of political science at the University of Hawaii, is the scholar who first coined the term democide (death by government). Dr. R. J. Rummel's mid estimate regarding the loss of life due to communism is that communism caused the death of approximately 110,286,000 people between 1917 and 1987.[73] See also: Atheism and mass murder

Militant atheists have also used violent means to suppress religion/Islam (see: Militant atheism).

Today, atheist primarily spread their worldview through public school indoctrination, through the media and via the internet (see: Atheist indoctrination and Atheism and the media and Internet atheism).

Irreligion and domestic violence

See also: Irreligion and domestic violence and Atheism and women and Atheism and alcoholism

Research suggests that irreligiousity is a causal factor for domestic violence.[74] See: Irreligion and domestic violence

The irreligious have a higher rate of domestic violence (See: Irreligion and domestic violence). In addition, some of Europe's most secular countries have significant problems with domestic violence (see: Secular Europe and domestic violence).

For example, Sweden is one of the most atheistic countries in the world.[75] In Sweden, 81 percent of women said they had been harassed at some point after the age of 15 - compared to the EU average of 55 percent.[76]

Research indicates that atheists are more likely to see illegal drug use and couple cohabitation before marriage as being morally acceptable.[77] A higher rate of domestic violence exists among cohabiting couples as compared with married couples[78] Atheists have lower marriage rates than theists (see: Atheism and marriage and Atheist marriages). According to the World Health Organization, "Interpersonal violence and illicit drug use are major public health challenges that are strongly linked."[79]

Irreligious prison population

See also: Irreligious prison population

The irreligious prison population, according to government data of many sovereign states, as well as that of independent surveys, makes up a large percentage of the overall prisoner demographic. In the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, according to the 2011 Census, the irreligious make up only "around a quarter of the population."[80] However, they are over-represented in the prison population, forming over 34% of all criminals.[81][82] These statistics confirm recent scientific research, which has concluded that "the more involved people are with religious life, the less likely they are to fall into criminal behavior."[83]

Atheism and United States prison statistics

Islam and violence

Islam and terrorism

Since the 1980s, there have been a large number of Islamic terrorist attacks around the world (see: Islamic terrorism).

Islam and war

See also: Irreligion/religion and war

Vox Day wrote in his article entitled Atheists abandon "religion causes war" argument:

"Scott Atran is the first atheist to publicly come out and admit the historical nonexistence of the oft-claimed connection between religion and war in Foreign Policy:
Moreover, the chief complaint against religion -- that it is history's prime instigator of intergroup conflict -- does not withstand scrutiny. Religious issues motivate only a small minority of recorded wars. The Encyclopedia of Wars surveyed 1,763 violent conflicts across history; only 123 (7 percent) were religious. A BBC-sponsored "God and War" audit, which evaluated major conflicts over 3,500 years and rated them on a 0-to-5 scale for religious motivation (Punic Wars = 0, Crusades = 5), found that more than 60 percent had no religious motivation. Less than 7 percent earned a rating greater than 3. There was little religious motivation for the internecine Russian and Chinese conflicts or the world wars responsible for history's most lethal century of international bloodshed.
Not only does Atran accept the argument I originally presented in a WND article before refining it in The Irrational Atheist, but his article is actually much less of a Fighting Withdrawal than the misleading subtitle - What we don't understand about religion just might kill us - would lead the casual reader to believe."[84]

In his book The Irrational Atheist, Vox Day wrote:

It’s also interesting to note that more than half of these religious wars, sixty-six in all, were waged by Islamic nations, which is rather more than might be statistically expected considering that the first war in which Islam was involved took place almost three millennia after the first war chronicled in the Encyclopedia, Akkad’s conquest of Sumer in 2325 B . C .

In light of this evidence, the fact that a specific religion is currently sparking a great deal of conflict around the globe cannot reasonably be used to indict all religious faith, especially when one considers that removing that single religion from the equation means that all of the other religious faiths combined only account for 3.35 percent of humanity’s wars.[85]

Islam and women

The Koran allows Muslim men to beat their wives and the Islamic religion is often less friendly to women than other religions/worldviews.[86][87] Muslim apologists who practice a less strict form of Islam often try to obscure/deny what the Koran declares about wife beating.[88]

Islamic countries and crime

In most cases, Muslim countries average 2.4 murders per annum per 100,000 people, compared to 7.5 in non-Muslim countries.[89]

Intolerance of militant atheism and militant Islam

The Christian Apologetic and Research Ministry wrote about the intolerance of militant atheism and militant Islam:

...there is one thing that both the faith of atheism (yes, atheism is indeed a faith-based system) and Islam have in common: they aggressively do everything in their power to silence any voice that dares to challenge their ideology...

Sporting such a spirit, it is not surprising that hatetheists have no desire for any dialogue with others who do not share their opinions. A case in point is the first “Reason Rally,” which was held in Washington D.C. on March 24, 2012, with headliners like Richard Dawkins and other similar famous atheists being present.

When Tom Gilson, editor of the book True Reason, contacted David Silverman of American Atheists to inform them that Christians would be present at the Reason Rally and were interested in having a respectful dialogue with the atheist group with a formal debate between Dawkins and Christian apologist William Lane Craig also being proposed, he was told the following:

"Make no mistake – you are not welcomed guests at the rally. We are not going to DC for ‘dialogue’ with people who believe ridiculous things--we are going to have fun with other like-minded people. Those who proselytize or interfere with our legal and well-deserved enjoyment will be escorted to the 1st Amendment pen by security, which will be plentiful, where you can stand with the Westborough [sic] Baptists and shout yourselves hoarse.
Spreading out among the crowd is not a substitute for a permit. Indeed, I will be meeting with the Parks Commission on Thursday to discuss how to handle your infiltrative permitless counter-protest."

While Silverman and his group have no problem erecting billboards during times such as Christmas and Easter that mock Christianity and thus insert themselves into Christians’ holidays, it appears they have no desire to have Christians ‘intrude’ into their events.

So much for being ‘free thinkers.’[90]

Atheism vs. Islam debates

See also: Atheism vs. Islam debates and Atheism debates and Atheism vs. Christianity debates

There have been few atheism vs. Islam debates.

Although Islam is a major religion with many adherents, in Islamic societies tolerance for atheists is rare.[91]

In the Western World, there have been a few notable public debates between atheists and Muslims, but there have not been many. The atheist Lawrence Krauss debated Muslim Hamza Tzortzis about the existence of God.[92] Also, the atheists Christopher Hitchens debated Muslim Tariq Ramadan and the debate topic was "Is Islam a religion of peace?".[93] As noted above, there have been incidences of Muslim extremists attacking critics of Islam in the Western World so many atheists may be reluctant to engage in high profile atheism vs. Islam debates.

When Muslim apologists debate atheists about the existence of God, they usually employ the Kalam cosmological argument which is an argument for the existence of God developed in the Islamic world.

See also

External links

Desecularization of France:

Islam and China:

Videos:

Notes

  1. Richard Dawkins defends Ahmed Mohamed comments and dismisses Islamophobia as a 'non-word', Independent, 24 September 2015
  2. Shall the Religious Inherit the Earth?: Demography and Politics in the Twenty-First Century by Eric Kaufmann
  3. A surprising map of where the world’s atheists live, By Max Fisher and Caitlin Dewey, Washington Post, May 23, 2013
  4. Richard Dawkins defends Ahmed Mohamed comments and dismisses Islamophobia as a 'non-word', Independent, 24 September 2015
  5. New Atheism should be able to criticise Islam without being accused of Islamophobia by Andrew Zak Williams, New Statesman, Published 19 April 2013
  6. UnHitched: The Trial of Christopher Hitchens By Richard Seymour, Publisher: Verso; 1 edition (January 16, 2013), page 92
  7. UnHitched: The Trial of Christopher Hitchens By Richard Seymour, Publisher: Verso; 1 edition (January 16, 2013), page 92
  8. UnHitched: The Trial of Christopher Hitchens By Richard Seymour, Publisher: Verso; 1 edition (January 16, 2013), page 92
  9. 5 facts about the Muslim population in Europe by Conrad Hackett, Pew Forum, November 17, 2015
  10. 5 facts about the Muslim population in Europe by Conrad Hackett, Pew Forum, November 17, 2015
  11. Philip Jenkins, Demographics, Religion, and the Future of Europe, Orbis: A Journal of World Affairs, vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 533, summer 2006
  12. Shall the religious inherit the earth?, 2010 Interview with Eric Kaufmann by MercatorNet
  13. Can Europe Stay Europe After Muslim Migrant Surge? Doubtful
  14. FactCheck: will Britain have a Muslim majority by 2050?
  15. The Islamization of Germany in 2016
  16. Attacks against Muslims on the rise after Paris strikes
  17. When Worlds Collide: Unassimilable Muslim Migrants Crash Europe’s Fantasy Islam
  18. Muslim Sacralized rape and feminized Sweden
  19. Europe's future
  20. The Major Roadblock to Muslim Assimilation in Europe, The Atlantic, 2011
  21. Government Of Spain Makes New Law: Muslims Will No Longer Be Allowed To Come Through Our Borders
  22. China’s Communist Party Reaffirms Marxism, Maoism, Atheism, New American, 2014
  23. China's Communist Party Bans Believers, Doubles Down On Atheism
  24. China's war on terror becomes all-out attack on Islam in Xinjiang, Washington Post, 2014
  25. http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/teleological-arguments/notes.html
  26. [The Muslim theory of evolution] by Ghaffar Hussain On 14 January 2013 10:03
  27. Harun Yahya’s Islamic Creationism: What It Is and Isn’t by Stefano Bigliardi Volume 38.1, January/February 2014
  28. Migration is spreading creationism across Europe, claims academic by Riazat Butt, religious affairs correspondent, Friday 13 November 2009 07.49 EST
  29. http://cnsnews.com/news/article/world-expresses-shock-attack-charlie-hebdo-newspaper
  30. A succint argument
  31. ‘Vehement Atheist’ Charged with Executing 3 Muslim Students
  32. Top 50 Countries With Highest Proportion of Atheists / Agnostics(Zuckerman, 2005)
  33. Top 50 Countries With Highest Proportion of Atheists / Agnostics(Zuckerman, 2005)
  34. Photo: Evolution Less Accepted in U.S. Than Other Western Countries, Study Finds
  35. Muslims Around the World Speak Out Against Terrorist Attacks in Paris, Time magazine
  36. Paris attacks: Many arrested in raids across France, BBC
  37. Paris terror attacks: Why has France been targeted again?, The Telegraph
  38. Why France?, USA Today
  39. http://cnsnews.com/news/article/world-expresses-shock-attack-charlie-hebdo-newspaper
  40. Top 50 Countries With Highest Proportion of Atheists / Agnostics(Zuckerman, 2005)
  41. Photo: Evolution Less Accepted in U.S. Than Other Western Countries, Study Finds
  42. A succint argument
  43. Copenhagen Shooting
  44. Copenhagen synagogue, hours after deadly cafe attack
  45. "Killers hacked Rajib first, then slit his throat: police", bdnews24.com, 16 February 2013. 
  46. "'Militant atheist' blogger stabbed in Bangladesh", 17 April 2017. 
  47. "Another blogger stabbed at Pallabi", 7 March 2013. 
  48. "Bangladesh professor who pushed for ban on full-face veils hacked to death: police", The Straits Times, 16 November 2014. 
  49. "Atheist US blogger hacked to death in Bangladesh", The Daily Telegraph, 27 February 2015. Retrieved on 17 April 2017. 
  50. "Knife attack kills Bangladesh blogger Washiqur Rahman", BBC News, 30 March 2015. Retrieved on 17 April 2017. 
  51. "Slain blogger Ananta Bijoy Das' last words in 'devil's world'", 12 May 2015. 
  52. "Blogger killed once again", 8 August 2015. 
  53. Bangladeshi secular publisher hacked to death (31 October 2015). Retrieved on 17 April 2017.
  54. "Tutul wins PEN Int'l Writer of Courage award", 15 October 2016. 
  55. Top 5 Countries with the Highest Rates of Rape By Ludovica Iaccino, International Business Times, January 29, 2014 16:34 GMT
  56. Top 50 Countries With Highest Proportion of Atheists / Agnostics(Zuckerman, 2005)
  57. Photo: Evolution Less Accepted in U.S. Than Other Western Countries, Study Finds
  58. Top 5 Countries with the Highest Rates of Rape By Ludovica Iaccino, International Business Times, January 29, 2014 16:34 GMT
  59. 'Rape worse in Sweden than India', says Gandhi, The Local SE, Published: 24 May 2015
  60. Muslim Sacralized rape and feminized Sweden
  61. ‘Vehement Atheist’ Charged with Executing 3 Muslim Students
  62. The 13 countries where being an atheist is punishable by death by Siobhan Fenton, Indepednent
  63. Investigating atheism: Marxism. University of Cambridge (2008). Retrieved on July 17, 2014. “The most notable spread of atheism was achieved through the success of the 1917 Russian Revolution, which brought the Marxist-Leninists to power. For the first time in history, atheism thus became the official ideology of a state.”
  64. Vitalij Lazarʹevič Ginzburg (2009). On Superconductivity and Superfluidity: A Scientific Autobiography. Springer Science+Business Media, 161. Retrieved on July 17, 2014. “The Bolshevik communists were not merely atheists but, according to Lenin's terminology, militant atheists.” 
  65. Multiple references:
    James Adair (2007). Christianity: The eBook. JBE Online Books, 461. Retrieved on July 18, 2014. “Although the Civil Constitution called for religious liberty, which was extended to Jews as well as Christians, many revolutionaries pushed for the establishment of a new state religion, either the Cult of Reason (atheists) or the Cult of the Supreme Being (Deists). Changes to the calendar eliminated references to Christian holidays, and even the ancient seven-day week, and a list of officially recognized saints included such famous thinkers such as Socrates, Jesus, Marcus Aurelius, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau. A period of political persecution, often with religious overtones, broke out, known as the Reign of Terror. Thousands of people were executed by the guillotine, including many of the original leaders of the French Revolution.” 
    William Belsham (1801). Memoirs of the Reign of George III. to the Session of Parliament ending A.D. 1793, Volume 5. G.G. & J. Robinson, 105–6. Retrieved on July 18, 2014. “In allusion to the monstrous transactions of this portentous period, it has been eloquently and energetically observed, 'that the reign of atheism in France was avowed the reign of terror. In the full madness of their career, in the highest climax of their horrors, they shut up the temples of God, abolished His worship, and proclaimed death to be an eternal sleep:—in the very centre of Christendom, Revelation underwent a total eclipse, while atheism, performing on a darkened theatre its strange and fearful tragedy, confounded the first elements of society, blended every age, rank, and sex, indiscriminate proscription and massacre, and convulsed all Europe to its centre, that the imperishable memorial of these events might teach the last generations of mankind to consider religion as the pillar of society, the parent of social order, and the safe-guard of nations.'
    "It is wonderful that, amid the horrors of this dismal period, while 'the death dance of democratic revolution' was still in rapid movement, among the tears of affliction, and the cries of despair, 'the masque, the song, the theatric scene, the buffoon laughter, went on as regularly as in the gay hour of festive peace.'”
     
    William Kilpatrick (2012). Christianity, Islam, and Atheism: The Struggle for the Soul of the West. Ignatius Press, 57. Retrieved on July 18, 2014. “Actually, it's helpful to think in terms of two Enlightenments: the Enlightenment that cut itself off from God. The former led to the American Revolution, the Declaration of Independence, the abolition of slavery, and the civil rights movement. The latter led to the French Revolution, the Reign of Terror, the suppression of church by state, and the godless philosophies of Marx and Nietzsche and their offspring—National Socialism and communism. More recently the abandonment of God has led to the regime of cultural relativism that regards rights as arbitrary constructions.
    "It's this second Enlightenment tradition that Cardinal Ratzinger referred to when he wrote, 'The radical detachment of the Enlightenment philosophy from its roots ultimately leads it to dispense with man.' Actually this transition happened not 'ultimately' but almost immediately. The first instance occurred when Enlightenment worship of abstract 'reason' and 'liberty' degenerated quickly into the mass murders committed during the antireligious Reign of Terror in France. 'Liberty, what crimes are committed in your name', said Madam Rolande as she faced the statue of Liberty in the Place de la Revolution movements before her death at the guillotine. She was one of the early victims of a succession of secular systems based on rootless notions of 'liberty', 'equality', and 'reason'.
    "As many historians have pointed out, the atheist regimes of modern times are guilty of far more crimes than any committed in the name of religion. Communist governments alone were guilty of more than one hundred million murders, most of them committed against their own people.”
     
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  67. Rummel, R. J. (November 1993). "How many did communist regimes murder?" University of Hawaii website; Freedom, Democracy, Peace; Power, Democide, and War.
  68. doi: 10.1177/1077801207308259 Violence Against Women, Race/Ethnicity, Religious Involvement, and Domestic Violence, November 2007 vol. 13 no. 11 1094-1112
  69. Top 50 Countries With Highest Proportion of Atheists / Agnostics(Zuckerman, 2005)
  70. Sweden stands out in domestic violence study Published: 05 Mar 2014 08:3
  71. http://www.barna.org/barna-update/article/5-barna-update/58-practical-outcomes-replace-biblical-principles-as-the-moral-standard
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  73. Interpersonal violence and illicit drug use - World Health Organization
  74. Religion in England and Wales 2011: Part of 2011 Census, Key Statistics for Local Authorities in England and Wales Release. Office for National Statistics (UK) (December 11, 2012). Retrieved on May 14, 2013. “Meanwhile the proportion of the population who reported they have no religion has now reached a quarter of the population.”
  75. Religion in Prisons 1999 and 2000. The National Archives (UK). Retrieved on May 14, 2013. “Prisoners with No religion formed 34% of all untried prisoners and 31% of all convicted prisoners in September 2000.”
  76. Prison Population Statistics. House of Commons Library (UK). Retrieved on May 14, 2013. “30% were recorded as having no religion.”
  77. Dreher, Rod (June 29, 2011). Is God an Effective Crime Fighter?. Templeton Report. Retrieved on May 14, 2013. “Research indicates that the more involved people are with religious life, the less likely they are to fall into criminal behavior.”
  78. Atheists abandon "religion causes war" argument
  79. The Irrational Atheist - Abbreviated free copy on PDF
  80. Domestic violence in Islam, The Quran on beating wives by James M. Arlandson
  81. Islam and Women
  82. Domestic violence in Islam, The Quran on beating wives by James M. Arlandson
  83. Vox Sets Out To Prove All Religions Are Equally Violent. And Fails By David Harsanyi, February 2, 2015
  84. What militant Atheism and Islam have in common by Robin Schumacher, edited by Matt Slick
  85. Ex-Muslim atheists are becoming more outspoken, but tolerance is still rare, The Economist
  86. Lawrence Krauss Vs Hamza Tzortzis
  87. Atheism vs Islam Debate - Christopher Hitchens vs Tariq Ramadan