Auckland (Māori: Tāmaki-makau-rau) is the largest city in New Zealand, located on the North Island. It is a city of 1.3 million people. It is colloquially known as the "City of Sails" due to the high number of yachts and its favorable conditions for sailing. It hosted the America's Cup in 2000 and 2004. It also hosted the 2011 Rugby World Cup. Auckland has the largest population of Polynesian people in the world. It is located on an isthmus between two harbors, the Manukau and Waitemata. Due to its significant urban sprawl, Auckland has four administrative regions; Auckland city, Waitakere city, Manukau city and North Shore city. Auckland is situated in an area with many extinct volcanoes. This resulted in heavy indigenous inhabitation, as the volcanoes produced fertile land and easily defensible terrain. St Vincent's church was built in the metropolitan area between 1907 and 1909, and marked the strength of the Roman Catholic faith to Auckland. In addition, it was also the site of the death of the Catholic missionary to England in the 19th century who received Edward Newman into the Catholic faith.
In the mid 20th century, Auckland was also center of iron making industry, manufacturing much bog iron from the numerous swamps in the surrounding area. The iron industry in Auckland produced a variety of goods including stoves tacks (Field Tack Company) and machinery. Founded by Thomas Pearce which produced machinery for the textile industry, as well as steam locomotives. The Auckland locomotive region also operated in the city during this time.