Axiom of Foundation
From Conservapedia
The Axiom of Foundation is the most recent of the axioms of Zermelo-Fraenkel set theory to be added to the list. It states that for every set A the sequence:
- A
- A_{1} an element of A
- A_{2} an element of A_{1}
- A_{3} an element of A_{2}
- etc.
must eventually stop. In other words, every set A has a bottom, or foundation. It is therefore impossible in Zermelo-Fraenkel set theory to define a set as A={A}. In other words, A cannot be defined to be an element of itself.
This axiom eliminates circular definitions from the logic of set theory and also quashes several paradoxes, a great achievement for logic.