Basal ganglia

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The Basal ganglia is a nuclei in the brain of the central nervous system which coordinates motor control and is involved in learning. It is composed of the caudate, putamen, globuspallidus, subthalamus, and the substantia nigra.


  • Martin, JH (2003). Neuroanatomy text and atlas 3rd ed., New York: McGraw-Hill.
  • Kandel, ER; Schwartz JH, Jessell TM (2000). Principles of Neural Science, 4th ed., New York: McGraw-Hill. ISBN 0-8385-7701-6.