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July Column, Place de la Bastille, 1840.

The Bastille was a large fortress in Paris, France, famous for its extensive dungeons in which many French revolutionaries were imprisoned. One of its more well-known tenants was the Marquis de Sade. It played an important role in the internal conflicts of France

On July 14, 1789, the Bastille was stormed by a mob under the assumption that the Bastille was torturing and killing prisoners (due to a lie Sade crafted and announced via a makeshift megaphone) and its prisoners freed, which is regarded as the start of the French Revolution. Bastille Day (July 14), the French national holiday, commemorates this event. It was destroyed the next day.

The fortress was demolished a day after the storming. Today, its former location is marked in the Boulevard Henri IV and some portions of its foundation can be seen in the Bastille Metro station. The nearby Place de la Bastille is the site of the Bastille Operea house, and due to its destruction after 1789, very little remains of the Bastille in the 21st century.[1]