Battle of Arkansas Post

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Battle of Arkansas Post
Fort Hindman
Began:

January 9, 1863

Ended:

January 11, 1863

Location:

Arkansas County, Arkansas

Theater:

Western Theater

Campaign:

Operations against Vicksburg

Outcome:

Union victory

33 star flag.png
Combatants
Conf Navy Jack.png

Army of the Mississippi

Fort Hindman Garrison

Commanders

David D. Porter
Rear Admiral, USN
John A. McClernand
Major General, USA

Thomas J. Churchill
Brigadier General, CSA

Strength

33,000

5,500

Casualties

1,047
Killed: 134
Wounded: 898
Missing: 29

5,500
Killed or wounded: 709
Captured: 4,791

  

From Fort Hindman, at Arkansas Post, Confederates had been disrupting Union shipping on the Mississippi River. Maj. Gen. John McClernand, therefore, undertook a combined force movement on Arkansas Post to capture it. Union boats began landing troops near Arkansas Post in the evening of January 9, 1863. The troops started up river towards Fort Hindman. Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman’s corps overran Rebel trenches, and the enemy retreated to the protection of the fort and adjacent rifle-pits. Rear Adm. David Porter, on the 10th, moved his fleet towards Fort Hindman and bombarded it withdrawing at dusk. Union artillery fired on the fort from artillery positions across the river on the 11th, and the infantry moved into position for an attack. Union ironclads commenced shelling the fort and Porter’s fleet passed it to cutoff any retreat. As a result of this envelopment, and the attack by McClernand’s troops, the Confederate command surrendered in the afternoon. Although Union losses were high and the victory did not contribute to the capture of Vicksburg, it did eliminate one more impediment to Union shipping on the Mississippi. [1]

References

  1. NPS.gov: NPS Battle Summaries
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