Battle of Buck Head Creek

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Battle of Buck Head Creek
Began:

November 28, 1864

Ended:

Same day

Location:

Jenkins County, Georgia

Theater:

Western Theater

Campaign:

Savannah Campaign

Outcome:

Union victory

33 star flag.png
Combatants
Conf Navy Jack.png

3rd Cavalry Division,
Military Division of
the Mississippi

Cavalry corps, Department of
South Carolina, Georgia,
and Florida

Commanders

Judson Kilpatrick
Brigadier General, USA

Joseph Wheeler
Major General, CSA

Strength
Casualties

46

600

  

As Sherman’s infantry marched southeast through Georgia, his cavalry, under Brig. Gen. Judson Kilpatrick moved northeastward, on November 24, 1864, to destroy the railroad midway between Augusta and Millen, burn the trestle near Briar Creek and, if possible, release Union prisoners confined at Camp Lawton, near Millen, while feigning a drive towards Augusta. Confederate Maj. Gen. Joseph Wheeler was fooled and concentrated his cavalry forces around Augusta. When Kilpatrick did not show, Wheeler realized his mistake and rode off in an attempt to catch his Union counterpart. On the 26th, Wheeler caught up with two lagging Union regiments, attacked their camp, chased them to the larger force and prevented Kilpatrick from destroying the Briar Creek trestle. Kilpatrick instead destroyed a mile of track in the area and moved southwest to join up with Sherman. Kilpatrick also discovered that the Union prisoners at Camp Lawton had been taken to other unknown sites. He encamped near Buck Head Creek on the night of the 27th. Wheeler came along the next morning, almost captured Kilpatrick, and pursued him and his men to Buck Head Creek. As Kilpatrick’s main force crossed the creek, one regiment, supported by artillery, fought a rearguard action severely punishing Wheeler and then burned the bridge behind them. Wheeler soon crossed and followed, but a Union brigade behind barricades at Reynolds’s Plantation halted the Rebels’ drive, eventually forcing them to retire. (NPS summary)

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