Battle of Cape Girardeau

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Battle of Cape Girardeau
Began:

April 26, 1863

Ended:

Same day

Location:

Cape Girardeau City, Missouri

Theater:

Trans-Mississippi Theater

Campaign:

Marmaduke’s Second Expedition into Missouri

Outcome:

Union victory

33 star flag.png
Combatants
Conf Navy Jack.png

Garrison, plus reinforcements

Marmaduke's cavalry division

Commanders

John McNeil
Brigadier General, USA

John S. Marmaduke
Brigadier General, CSA

Strength

2,000

Casualties

12

325

  

Brig. Gen. John S. Marmaduke sought to strike Brig. Gen. John McNeil, with his combined force of about 2,000 men, at Bloomfield, Missouri. McNeil retreated and Marmaduke followed. Marmaduke received notification, on April 25, that McNeil was near Cape Girardeau. He sent troops to destroy or capture McNeil’s force, but then he learned that the Federals had placed themselves in the fortifications. Marmaduke ordered one of his brigades to make a demonstration to ascertain the Federals’ strength. Col. John S. Shelby’s brigade made the demonstration which escalated into an attack. Those Union forces not already in fortifications retreated into them. Realizing the Federals’ strength, Marmaduke withdrew his division to Jackson. After finding the force he had been chasing, Marmaduke was repulsed. Meant to relieve pressure on other Confederate troops and to disrupt Union operations, Marmaduke’s expedition did little to fulfill either objective. (NPS summary)

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