Battle of Columbia

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Battle of Columbia
Began:

November 24, 1864

Ended:

November 29, 1864

Location:

Maury County, Tennessee

Theater:

Western Theater

Campaign:

Franklin-Nashville Campaign

Outcome:

Confederate victory

33 star flag.png
Combatants
Conf Navy Jack.png

XXIII Army Corps
IV Army Corps (detachments)

Army of Tennessee

Commanders

John M. Schofield
Major General, USA

John B. Hood
Lieutenant General, CSA

Strength

28,000

35,000

Casualties
  

Conflict near Columbia, during Hood’s 1864 Tennessee invasion, constituted a Confederate diversion as part of a maneuver designed to cross the Duck River upstream and interdict the Union army’s line of communications with Nashville. As Gen. John Bell Hood’s army advanced northeastward from Florence, Alabama, Maj. Gen. John M. Schofield’s force quickly withdrew from Pulaski to Columbia, arriving on November 24, just ahead of Forrest’s Rebel cavalry. The Federals built two lines of earthworks south of the town while skirmishing with enemy cavalry on November 24 and 25. Hood advanced his infantry on the following day but did not assault. He made demonstrations along the front while marching two corps of his army to Davis Ford, some five miles eastward on the Duck River. Schofield correctly interpreted Hood’s moves, but foul weather prevented him from crossing to the north bank before November 28, leaving Columbia to the Confederates. The next day, both armies marched north for Spring Hill. Schofield had slowed Hood’s movement but had not stopped him. (NPS summary)

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