Battle of Day's Gap

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Battle of Day's Gap
Sand Mountain
Began:

April 30, 1863

Ended:

Same day

Location:

Cullman County, Alabama

Theater:

Western Theater

Campaign:

Streight's Raid in Alabama and Georgia

Outcome:

Union victory (raid ultimately failed)

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Combatants
Conf Navy Jack.png

Men from 51st Indiana Infantry
73rd Indiana Infantry
3rd Ohio Infantry
80th Illinois Infantry
1st Middle Tennessee Cavalry

Commanders

Abel Streight
Colonel, USA

Nathan Bedford Forrest
Brigadier General, CSA

Strength
Casualties

23

65

  

Union Col. Abel D. Streight led a provisional brigade on a raid to cut the Western & Atlantic Railroad that supplied Gen. Braxton Bragg’s Confederate army in Middle Tennessee. From Nashville, Tennessee, Streight’s command traveled to Eastport, Mississippi, and then proceeded east to Tuscumbia, Alabama, in conjunction with another Union force commanded by Brig. Gen. Grenville Dodge. On April 26, 1863, Streight’s men left Tuscumbia and marched southeast, their initial movements screened by Dodge’s troops.

On April 30, Confederate Brig. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest’s brigade caught up with Streight’s expedition and attacked its rearguard at Day’s Gap on Sand Mountain. The Federals repulsed this attack and continued their march to avoid further delay and envelopment. Thus began a running series of skirmishes and engagements at Crooked Creek (April 30), Hog Mountain (April 30), Blountsville (May 1), Black Creek/Gadsden (May 2), and Blount’s Plantation (May 2). Forrest finally surrounded the exhausted Union soldiers near Rome, Georgia, where he forced their surrender on May 3. [1]

References

  1. NPS.gov: NPS Battle Summaries
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