Battle of Front Royal

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Battle of Front Royal
Guard Hill
Cedarville
Began:

May 23, 1862

Ended:

Same day

Location:

Warren County, Virginia

Theater:

Eastern Theater

Campaign:

Jackson’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign

Outcome:

Confederate victory

33 star flag.png
Combatants
Conf Navy Jack.png

1st Maryland Regiment

1st Maryland Infantry, CSA
Louisiana "Tigers" battalion

Commanders

John R. Kenly
Colonel, USA

Thomas J. Jackson
Major General, CSA

Strength

1,063

3,000

Casualties

904

56

  

On May 23, Confederate forces, spearheaded by the Louisiana “Tigers” and the 1st Maryland, surprised and overran the pickets of a 1,000-man Union garrison under Col. Kenly at Front Royal. Driven through the town, the Federals made a stand on Camp Hill and again at Guard Hill after attempting to fire the river bridges. Outnumbered and outflanked, Kenly continued the retreat to Cedarville, where two cavalry charges led by Maj. Flournoy broke the roadblock and routed the Union force. Nearly 900 Federals surrendered. Jackson’s victory at Front Royal forced the Union army under Banks at Strasburg into a rapid retreat towards Winchester. (NPS summary)

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