Battle of Goodrich's Landing

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Battle of Goodrich's Landing
The Mounds, Lake Providence
Began:

June 29, 1863

Ended:

June 30, 1863

Location:

East Carroll Parish, Louisiana

Theater:

Western Theater

Campaign:

Grant’s Operations against Vicksburg

Outcome:

Inconclusive

33 star flag.png
Combatants
Conf Navy Jack.png

Mississippi Marine Brigade
1st Arkansas Volunteers
(African Descent)
10th Louisiana
(African Descent)

12th Texas Cavalry Regiment
19th Texas Cavalry Regiment
15th Louisiana Cavalry Battalion
Cameron’s Louisiana Battery
Ralston’s Mississippi Battery

Commanders

Alfred W. Ellet
Brigadier General, USA

William H. Parsons
Colonel, CSA

Strength
Casualties

120

Unknown

  

After Union forces began occupying the Louisiana river parishes, thousands of escaped slaves flocked to them. The Federals, therefore, leased some plantations and put the freedmen to work growing cotton or other crops; the proceeds from the sale of the crops helped defray expenses for food, clothing, etc. African-American troops were assigned to protect these plantations, releasing other troops to fight. Confederates, determined to recapture some of these freedmen and destroy the crops, undertook an expedition from Gaines’s Landing, Arkansas, to Lake Providence. The Federals had constructed a fort on an Indian mound to protect some of these leased plantations. The Rebels prepared to attack the fort on the 29th but decided to demand unconditional surrender first, which the Union forces accepted. Later in the day, Confederate Col. W.H. Parsons fought companies of the 1st Kansas Mounted Infantry. The Rebels then began burning and destroying the surrounding plantations, especially those that the Yankees leased. By the next morning, U.S. Naval boats had landed the Mississippi Marine Brigade, under the command of Brig. Gen. Alfred W. Ellet, at Goodrich’s Landing. At dawn, he set out with Col. William F. Wood’s African-American units to find the Rebels. Ellet’s cavalry found the Confederates first and began skirmishing. The fight became more intense as Ellet’s other forces approached. Parsons eventually disengaged and fell back. Although the Confederates disrupted these operations, destroyed much property, and captured many supplies and weapons, the raid was a minor setback for the Union. The Confederates could cause momentary disturbances, but they were unable to effect any lasting changes. (NPS summary)

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