Battle of Hartsville

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Battle of Hartsville
Began:

December 7, 1862

Ended:

Same day

Location:

Trousdale County, Tennessee

Theater:

Western Theater

Campaign:

Stones River Campaign

Outcome:

Confederate victory

33 star flag.png
Combatants
Conf Navy Jack.png

39th Brigade, XIV Army Corps,
Army of the Cumberland

Expeditionary force

Commanders

Absalom B. Moore
Colonel, USA

John Hunt Morgan
Brigadier General, CSA

Strength

2,400

1,300

Casualties

58
Captured: 1,844

149

  

The 39th Brigade, XIV Army Corps, was guarding the Cumberland River crossing at Hartsville to prevent Confederate cavalry from raiding. Under the cover of darkness, Brig. Gen. John H. Morgan crossed the river in the early morning of December 7, 1862. Col. Absalom B. Moore, commander of the 39th Brigade, stated in his after action report, that Morgan’s advance had worn Union blue uniforms which got them through the videttes. Morgan approached the Union camp, the pickets sounded the alarm, and held the Rebels until the brigade was in battle line. The fighting commenced at 6:45 am and continued until about 8:30 am. One of Moore’s units ran, which caused confusion and helped to force the Federals to fall back. By 8:30 am, the Confederates had surrounded the Federals, convincing them to surrender. This action at Hartsville, located north of Murfreesboro, was a preliminary to the Confederate cavalry raids by Forrest into West Tennessee, December 1862–January 1863, and Morgan into Kentucky, December 1862–January 1863. (NPS summary)

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