Battle of Mine Run

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Battle of Mine Run
Payne's Farm, New Hope Church
Began:

November 27, 1863

Ended:

December 2, 1863

Location:

Orange County, Virginia

Theater:

Eastern Theater

Campaign:

Mine Run Campaign

Outcome:

Inconclusive

33 star flag.png
Combatants
Conf Navy Jack.png

Army of the Potomac

Army of Northern Virginia

Commanders

George G. Meade
Major General, USA

Robert E. Lee
General, CSA

Strength

69,643

44,426

Casualties

1,272

680

  

Payne's Farm and New Hope Church were the first and heaviest clashes of the Mine Run Campaign. In late November 1863, Meade attempted to steal a march through the Wilderness and strike the right flank of the Confederate army south of the Rapidan River. Maj. Gen. Jubal A. Early in command of Ewell's Corps marched east on the Orange Turnpike to meet the advance of William French's III Corps near Payne's Farm. Carr's division (US) attacked twice. Johnson's division (CS) counterattacked but was scattered by heavy fire and broken terrain. After dark, Lee withdrew to prepared field fortifications along Mine Run. The next day the Union army closed on the Confederate position. Skirmishing was heavy, but a major attack did not materialize. Meade concluded that the Confederate line was too strong to attack and retired during the night of December 1-2, ending the winter campaign. (NPS summary)

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