Battle of Mobile Bay

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Battle of Mobile Bay
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Began:

2 August 1864

Ended:

23 August 1864

Location:

Mobile Bay, Alabama

Theater:

Naval / Lower Seaboard

Campaign:

Operations in Mobile Bay (1864)

Outcome:

Union Victory

33 star flag.png
Combatants
Conf Navy Jack.png
Commanders

David G. Farragut
Rear Admiral, USN
Gordon Granger
Major General, USA

Franklin Buchanan
Admiral, CSN
Richard L. Page
Brigadier General, CSA

Strength

4 ironclad monitors
14 wooden warships
5500-man invasion force

1 ironclad ram (CSS Tennessee)
3 gunboats
1500-man garrison stationed within:
Fort Morgan
Fort Gaines
Fort Fisher

Casualties

328
Killed: 151
Wounded: 177
1 ironclad sunk (USS Tecumseh)

1,500 est

  • Fleet losses:
    Killed: 12
    Wounded: 19
    Captured:123, including 2 vessels
  • Shore Losses:
    • Fort Morgan
      Killed: 1
      Wounded: 3
      Captured: 600 est.
    • Fort Gaines
      Captured: 864 est.
  

A combined Union force initiated operations to close Mobile Bay to blockade running. Some Union forces landed on Dauphin Island and laid siege to Fort Gaines. On August 5, Farragut’s Union fleet of eighteen ships entered Mobile Bay and received a devastating fire from Forts Gaines and Morgan and other points. After passing the forts, Farragut forced the Confederate naval forces, under Adm. Franklin Buchanan, to surrender, which effectively closed Mobile Bay. By August 23, Fort Morgan, the last big holdout, fell, shutting down the port. The city, however, remained uncaptured.[1]

References

  1. NPS.gov: NPS Battle Summaries
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