Battle of Monocacy

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Battle of Monocacy
Monocacy Junction
Began:

July 9, 1864

Ended:

Same day

Location:

Frederick County, Maryland

Theater:

Eastern Theater

Campaign:

Early’s Raid and Operations against the B&O Railroad

Outcome:

Confederate victory (tactical)
Union victory (strategic)

33 star flag.png
Combatants
Conf Navy Jack.png

VIII Corps

Army of the Valley

Commanders

Lew Wallace
Major General, USA

Jubal A. Early
Lieutenant General, CSA

Strength

5,800

14,000

Casualties

1,294

700–900

  

After marching north through the Shenandoah Valley from Lynchburg, the Confederate army of Lt. Gen. Jubal A. Early side-stepped the Federal garrison at Harpers Ferry and crossed the Potomac River at Shepherdstown into Maryland on July 5-6. On July 9, 1864, a makeshift Union force under Maj. Gen. Lew Wallace attempted to arrest Early’s invading Confederate divisions along the Monocacy River, just east of Frederick. Wallace, joined by Ricketts’s Division of the VI Corps that had been rushed from the Petersburg lines, was outflanked by Gordon’s Division and defeated after putting up a stiff resistance. Hearing of Early’s incursion into Maryland, Grant embarked the rest of the VI Corps on transports at City Point, sending it with all dispatch to Washington. Wallace’s defeat at Monocacy bought time for these veteran troops to arrive to bolster the defenses of Washington. Early’s advance reached the outskirts of Washington on the afternoon of July 11, and the remaining divisions of the VI Corps began disembarking that evening. Monocacy was called the “Battle that Saved Washington.” (NPS summary)

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