Battle of Pea Ridge

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Battle of Pea Ridge
Elkhorn Tavern
Began:

March 6, 1862

Ended:

March 8, 1862

Location:

Benton County, Arkansas

Theater:

Trans-Mississippi Theater

Campaign:

Pea Ridge Campaign

Outcome:

Union Victory

33 star flag.png
Combatants
Conf Navy Jack.png

Army of the Southwest

Army of the West

Commanders

Samuel R. Curtis
Major General, USA

Earl Van Dorn
Major General, CSA

Strength

10,500

16,000

Casualties

1,349

4,600

  

On the night of March 6, Maj. Gen. Earl Van Dorn set out to outflank the Union position near Pea Ridge, dividing his army into two columns. Learning of Van Dorn’s approach, the Federals marched north to meet his advance on March 7. This movement—compounded by the killing of two generals, Brig. Gen. Ben McCulloch and Brig. Gen. James McQueen McIntosh, and the capture of their ranking colonel—halted the Rebel attack. Van Dorn led a second column to meet the Federals in the Elkhorn Tavern and Tanyard area. By nightfall, the Confederates controlled Elkhorn Tavern and Telegraph Road. The next day, Maj. Gen. Samuel R. Curtis, having regrouped and consolidated his army, counterattacked near the tavern and, by successfully employing his artillery, slowly forced the Rebels back. Running short of ammunition, Van Dorn abandoned the battlefield. The Union controlled Missouri for the next two years. (NPS summary)


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