Battle of Pine Bluff

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Battle of Pine Bluff
Began:

October 25, 1863

Ended:

Same day

Location:

Jefferson County, Arkansas

Theater:

Trans-Mississippi Theater

Campaign:

Advance on Little Rock

Outcome:

Union victory

33 star flag.png
Combatants
Conf Navy Jack.png

Pine Bluff Garrison

Marmaduke's division

Commanders

Powell Clayton
Colonel, USA

John S. Marmaduke
Brigadier General, CSA

Strength

850

2,000

Casualties

56

40

  

At 8:00 am, October 25, Col. Powell Clayton sent a company of cavalry toward Princeton which ran into Brig. Gen. John S. Marmaduke’s men advancing. After some fire, the Rebels, under a flag of truce, came forward demanding surrender. Lt. M.F. Clark answered that there would be no surrender. Clayton slowly retreated back into Pine Bluff. In the meantime, about 300 African-American soldiers rolled cotton bales out of the warehouses for barricades to protect the court square. After failing to take the square by force, the Rebels attempted to burn out the Union forces but to no avail. The Confederate forces retired, leaving Pine Bluff to the Federals. [1]

References

  1. NPS.gov: NPS Battle Summaries
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