Battle of Saint John's Bluff

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Battle of Saint John's Bluff
Began:

October 1, 1862

Ended:

October 3, 1862

Location:

Duval County, Florida

Theater:

Lower Seaboard Theater

Campaign:

Expedition to St. John’ s Bluff

Outcome:

Union victory

33 star flag.png
Combatants
Conf Navy Jack.png

2 infantry regiments
1 artillery battery
1st Massachusetts Cavalry
(detachment)

Battery garrison

Commanders

John M. Brannan
Brigadier General, USA

Charles F. Hopkins
Lieutenant Colonel, CSA

Strength

1,573

Casualties

Unknown

Unknown

  

Brig. Gen. John Finegan established a battery on St. John’ s Bluff near Jacksonville to stop the movement of Federal ships up the St. Johns River. Brig. Gen. John M. Brannan embarked with about 1,500 infantry aboard the transports Boston, Ben DeFord, Cosmopolitan, and Neptune at Hilton Head, South Carolina, on September 30. The flotilla arrived at the mouth of the St. John’ s River on October 1, where Cdr. Charles Steedman’ s gunboats — Paul Jones, Cimarron, Uncas, Patroon, Hale, and Water Witch — joined them. By midday, the gunboats approached the bluff, while Brannan began landing troops at Mayport Mills. Another infantry force landed at Mount Pleasant Creek, about five miles in the rear of the Confederate battery, and began marching overland on the 2nd. Outmaneuvered, Lt. Col. Charles F. Hopkins abandoned the position after dark. When the gunboats approached the bluff the next day, its guns were silent. (NPS summary)

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