Battle of Spring Hill

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Battle of Spring Hill
Began:

November 29, 1864

Ended:

Same day

Location:

Maury County, Tennessee

Theater:

Western Theater

Campaign:

Franklin-Nashville Campaign

Outcome:

Union victory

33 star flag.png
Combatants
Conf Navy Jack.png

IV Corps
XXIII Corps

Army of Tennessee

Commanders

John M. Schofield
Major General, USA

John B. Hood
Lieutenant General, CSA

Strength

7,000

12,000

Casualties

350

500

  

Spring Hill was the prelude to the Battle of Franklin. On the night of November 28, 1864, Gen. John Bell Hood’s Army of Tennessee marched toward Spring Hill to get astride Maj. Gen. John M. Schofield’s Union army’s life line. Cavalry skirmishing between Brig. Gen. James H. Wilson’s Union cavalry and Maj. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest’s Confederate troopers continued throughout the day as the Confederates advanced. On November 29, Hood’s infantry crossed Duck River and converged on Spring Hill. In the meantime, Maj. Gen. Schofield reinforced the troops holding the crossroads at Spring Hill. In late afternoon, the Federals repulsed a piecemeal Confederate infantry attack. During the night, the rest of Schofield’s command passed from Columbia through Spring Hill to Franklin. This was, perhaps, Hood’s best chance to isolate and defeat the Union army. The engagement has been described as “one of the most controversial non-fighting events of the entire war." (NPS summary)

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