Battle of Vermillion Bayou

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Battle of Vermillion Bayou

April 17, 1863


Same day


Lafayette Parish, Louisiana


Lower Seaboard Theater


Operations in West Louisiana


Union victory

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4th Division, XIX Army Corps,
Army of the Gulf

District of Western Louisiana


Cuvier Grover
Brigadier General, USA

Richard Taylor
Major General, CSA


While Rear Adm. David G. Farragut remained above Port Hudson with USS Hartford and Albatross, Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks decided to go after Maj. Gen. Richard Taylor’s Confederate forces in western Louisiana. He moved by water to Donaldsonville and began a march to Thibodeaux up Bayou Lafourche. Banks beat Taylor at Fort Bisland and Irish Bend, forcing the Rebel army to retreat up the bayou. Taylor reached Vermillionville, crossed Vermillion Bayou, destroyed the bridge, and rested. Banks, in pursuit, sent two columns, on different roads, toward Vermillion Bayou on the morning of April 17. One column reached the bayou while the bridge was burning, advanced, and began skirmishing. Confederate artillery, strategically placed, forced the Yankees back. Then Federal artillery opened a duel with its Confederate counterpart. After dark, the Rebels retreated to Opelousas. The Confederates had slowed the Union advance. (NPS summary)