Battle of Yellow Bayou

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Battle of Yellow Bayou
Norwood’s Plantation
Began:

May 18, 1864

Ended:

Same day

Location:

Avoyelles Parish, Louisiana

Theater:

Trans-Mississippi Theater

Campaign:

Red River Campaign

Outcome:

Union victory (strategic)

33 star flag.png
Combatants
Conf Navy Jack.png

1st and 3rd Divisions,
XVI Army Corps

District of Western
Louisiana

Commanders

Joseph A. Mower
Brigadier General, USA

Richard Taylor
Major General, CSA

Strength
Casualties

360

500

  

Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks during his retreat in the Red River Campaign, following the battles of Mansfield and Pleasant Hill, reached the Atchafalaya River on May 17. Once on the other side of the river he would be shielded from the continuous Confederate harassment. But, he had to wait to cross the river until the army engineers constructed a bridge. On the 18th, Banks learned that Maj. Gen. Richard Taylor’s force was near Yellow Bayou so he ordered Brig. Gen. A.J. Smith to stop them. Since Smith could not comply himself, he ordered Brig. Gen. Joseph A. Mower to meet Taylor. The Yankees attacked and drove the Rebels to their main line. The Confederates counterattacked, forcing the Federals to give ground. The Union force finally repulsed the Confederates. This see-saw action continued for several hours until the ground cover caught fire forcing both sides to retire. Yellow Bayou was the last battle of Banks’s ill-fated Red River Expedition, and it insured that the Federals would escape as an army to fight again. (NPS summary)

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