Bauhaus was a school for design and architecture founded 1919 in Weimar. Under the guidance of renowned architect Walter Gropius the school relocated in 1925 to Dessau and was renowned as pioneer in modern architecture. After the Nazis became the biggest party in Dessau in local elections in 1932, the Bauhaus was forced to move to Berlin. This only lasted for a short time, and the Bauhaus dissolved itself under pressure from the Nazis in 1933. Many of the architects and artists affiliated with went into exile, many to the US where part of the Bauhaus legacy continued. This is especially true in Chicago where former Bauhaus master Ludwig Mies Van der Rohe influenced many young architects at the Illinois Institute of Technology, shaping the modern architecture of the city. Marcel Breuer was also very influential in the Bauhaus movement.