Benzodiazepine

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Benzodiazepines are a class of psychoactive chemicals which affect the GABA receptors in the brain. They are used in the treatment of anxiety and sleep disorders, as well as certain types of seizure disorders. Benzodiazepines are both physically addicting and habit forming.[1] Benzodiazepines have largely (but not entirely) replaced barbituates as the usual sedative of choice for doctors to prescribe, due to their vastly increased safety profile, most notably that even very large overdoses will usually only cause unconsciousness, though exceptionally large doses may cause dangerously deep levels of unconsciousness. Benzodiazepines are sometimes used as recreational drugs, although in most countries (including the U.S.) they are illegal to possess without a prescription.

List of Benzodiazepines

  • alprazolam (Xanax)
  • bromazepam (Lexotanil)
  • chlordiazepoxide (Librium)
  • clonazepam (Klonopin)
  • clorazepate (Tranxene)
  • diazepam (Valium)
  • estazolam (ProSom)
  • flurazopam (Dalmadorm)
  • ketazolam (Anxon)
  • lorazepam (Ativan)
  • midazolam (Versed)
  • oxazepam (Serax)
  • temazepam (Restoril)

References

  1. http://www.erowid.org/pharms/benzodiazepine/benzodiazepine.shtml
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