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Scientific classification
Kingdom Information
Domain Eukaryota
Kingdom Animalia
Subkingdom Bilateria
Branch Deuterostomia
Phylum Information
Phylum Chordata
Sub-phylum Vertebrata
Infraphylum Gnathostomata
Class Information
Class Mammalia
Sub-class Theriiformes
Infra-class Holotheria
Order Information
Superorder Preptotheria
Order Artiodactyla
Family Information
Family Bovidae
Sub-family Bovinae
Genus Information
Genus Bison
Species Information
Species B. bison
Subspecies B. b. athabascae
B. b. bison
Population statistics
Population 30,000

Bison are 4-legged, ox-like animals of the family Bovidae which may weigh up to 1,000 pounds and stand up to 6 feet in tall. The forequarters of the creature have a shaggy mane.

At one time bison herds roamed the plains and valleys from western Canada down to Mexico. They served an important part of Native American survival, but were almost hunted to extinction by European settlers by 1900. Conservation efforts prevented the extinction of the American bison, but herds today are rare.

See also


The New American Desk Encyclopedia, Penguin Group, 1989