The black-and-white owl (Strix nigrolineata) is a species of owl of the family Strigidae, and found in Central and South America.
It is a medium-sized owl, with a length of 13.7 to 15.7 inches. It is a conspicuously dark feathered owl; its upper plumage is brownish-black, while its underside is white with thin black horizontal barring, which extends up to the sides of the face and encircling the facial disk. The disk itself is black with dark brown eyes, and gives the bird an appearance of having eyes that are larger than they actually are. In contrast, both beak and feet are yellow in color.
Black-and-white owls have a range which extends from Central Mexico south through Central America up to the northwest of Colombia, Venezuela and the west of Ecuador, reaching south to the extreme north-west of Peru. They live in the rainforest, and will also be seen in clearings and forest edges as well as open marshes, from sea level to an elevation up to 7,300 feet.
Black-and-white owls are one of four species formerly of the genus Ciccaba; genetics suggested a closer relationship to birds of the genus Strix than was previously believed, resulting in a change of classification.
- König et al., pg 374
- König, Claus, and Weick, Friedhelm. Owls of the World; Christopher Helm, London (2008)