Boxing

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On the antiChristian uprising in China in 1900, see Boxer Rebellion.

Boxing is an Olympic arena sport where two opponents hit each other (usually wearing red gloves). Boxing is perhaps the most challenging sport of all. A boxer requires a unique blend of speed, strength, and endurance. In addition to these qualities, he must stand up to the punishment inflicted by an equally matched opponent. To withstand the inevitable pain and fatigue, the boxer must possess a mind that is as tough as his body. Boxing is still very popular, possibly having roots in ancient Greek styles of boxing, although with certain and clearly defined roots in the bare-knuckle fights in England in the early-modern era, being given modern rules in the 19th century by the Marquess of Queensbury.

Boxing can result in serious injury or death to the participants. As a protection, amateur boxers wear headgear and use 10 or 12 ounce gloves with more padding than professional gloves. Chronic traumatic encephalopathy is an incurable long term health consequence associated with boxing.

When women participate in it, boxing is a joke sport.

Methods

Right-handed boxers usually fight from an orthodox stance. This means putting the left foot slightly ahead of the right with both feet spread apart and the weight of the body evenly distributed on both. This position enables the boxer to move quickly in any direction. The left arm is partly extended to the front. The right arm is held close to the body to guard the stomach and jaw. Left-handed boxers stand with the right foot and right arm forward. The chief points of attack are the tip of the jaw, the spot just below the ear, and the midsection of the body. A solid punch delivered to one of these points often results in a knockout. A good offense is usually built around the four recognized classes of punches jab, straight blow, hook or cross, and uppercut. The jab is a sharp, light punch delivered by straightening out the bent arm, usually the left arm in a typical stance. The jab can be used effectively to harass an opponent and to keep him off-balance. A cross, a straight punch with the right, may carry the weight of the body behind it and will result in a knockout if it is landed in a vital spot, and is usually preceded by a jab, a combination often referred to as a "one-two". The hook, either left or right, is a blow with the arm held at or near a right angle, powered by the quick, strong rotation of the back and core muscles, aimed to slip by the opponent's guard in a circular fashion. The uppercut is a blow directed upward, usually aimed at the jaw or the midsection. When delivered with full power either punch can be a knockout blow - although knockouts are technically achievable with jabs, as well as the typical power punches, the hook, uppercut, and cross. The defense may also may be built around several basic maneuvers. Blocking is parrying with the glove, forearm, elbow, or shoulder to deflect the opponent's punches. Slipping, which depends upon fast footwork, consists of stepping aside and making the rival miss. Another trick is to roll with the punch that is, to soften the effect of a blow by moving in the direction it is aimed - confusingly named, since a boxer may also perform a "shoulder roll", a roll of the shoulder that does not involve taking a blow, but intercepting with a circular motion of the shoulder inward when the punch is entering. Ducking is bobbing down so that the blow goes over the head. Clinching, when done legally, ties up the opponent's arms and gives the boxer an opportunity to rest, although this is looked down upon and discouraged. Other maneuvers, offensive and defensive, are also useful to a boxer. Feinting is bluffing with one hand preparatory to delivering a blow with the other. Leading is opening an attack, usually with a left jab. Countering is throwing a hard punch at the opponent at the exact moment he leads off.

See also

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