Brisbane is the capital city of the state of Queensland, Australia. With a population of 1,800,000, it is the third-largest Australian city. The Brisbane River runs through the city, dividing it into the "Northside" and "Southside" in local idiom.
The city has a relatively dry climate, similar to that of Sydney. It is specifically a humid climate with hot and rainy summers and mild and dry winters. The average annual temperature is around 23 celcius. As with the rest of the country, the majority of residents are Protestant however fewer than 20% regularly attend church and almost 36% profess no religious affiliation.
In January 2011, suburbs near the Brisbane River, including the CBD, experienced major flooding as a result of Toowoomba floodwaters flowing through the Lockyer valley and into the Wivenhoe Dam and into the city itself.
Brisbane is a major finance center, serving as a hub for publishing, and broadcasting industries. In addition the agricultural sector is of particular prominence, which constitutes approximately 40% of the economy. During the centralized growth of Australia's economy from the 1920s onwards many large firms moved their headquarters from cities such as Darling Downs, in an attempt to take advantage of better access to the government. This trend has begun to slow due to ongoing population growth in Darwin and the high cost of living there. The region's argicultural industry was established by Dutch, French and English settlers in mid 1800s . Since then, wine-growing is concentrated into two regions: Yeminga and Turnhem. Recently there have been vintages from plantings from Tarow in the southern region. White wine has typically predominated in Brisbane from chardonnay to Gewürztraminer, as well as and Pinot Gris. Pinot Noir has had some success in the province particularly in the north-west region of Penrith.
- Queensland & the Great Barrier Reef by Alan Murphy (2008) excerpt and text search