British Columbia is the western most province in Canada. It is bounded by the Pacific Ocean on the west and the US State of Alaska to the northwest. To the north it is bounded by the Yukon Territory and the Northwest Territories, on the east by Alberta, and on the south by the U.S. states of Washington, Idaho, and Montana. The capital of British Columbia is Victoria, and province's population is 4,338,106 in 2007 accounting for 13% of the national population. The total area of British Columbia is 947,800 km2 with 25,730 km of coast line. It was explored by the Spanish in 1774, Captain Cook explored in 1778, and Captain Vancouver was sent to survey the coast by the Royal Navy in 1792. British Columbia joined Confederation in 1871, based on a promise that a transcontinential railway would be completed in 10 years. Since March 14, 2011, the premier of British Columbia is Christy Clark, the leader of the British Columbian Liberal Party, which is the comparitively conservative party in British Columbian politics. 
The largest city in British Columbia is Vancouver with a population of approximately 600,000, with the greater Vancouver area accounting for approximately 2,000,000 people. The Capitol of British Columbia is Victoria British Columbia is also home to Gibsons, setting of the long running Canadian television series The Beachcombers.
British Columbia's primary source of jobs is in forestry and mining,  employing 45 percent of the population. It is also reliant on it's chief port, Vancouver, for commerce with the pacific rim. As of 2011, the largest employing field is Raw Matierial, and the largest employer of that field, is British Columbia Mining, a crown corporation.
British Columbia is generally a liberal province, with the most liberal people in Vancouver, and Victoria. Towards the interior, however, a shift towards the right of the spectrum is observed. When Compared to Washington State, British Columbia is considerably more liberal, with socialized medicine, gay marriage, and other liberal hallmarks. The current premier is Christy Clark of the British Columbia liberals.
British Columbia has a very diverse ethnic population, with a large number of immigrants having lived in the province for 30 years or less. First-generation immigrants from the British Isles remain a strong component of local society despite limitations on immigration from Britain since the ending of special status for British subjects in the 1960s. Also present in large numbers relative to other cities in Canada (except Toronto), and also present in BC ever since the province was first settled (unlike Toronto), are many European ethnicities of the first and second generation, notably Germans, Ukrainians, Scandinavians, Yugoslavs and Italians; third-generation Europeans are generally of mixed lineage, and traditionally intermarried with other ethnic groups more than in any other Canadian province. The percentages add to more than 100% because of dual responses (e.g. "French-Canadian" generates an entry in both the category "French" and the category "Canadian"). In recent decades, the proportion of those of Chinese ethnicity has risen sharply, though still outnumbered by the historically-strong population of those of German ancestry. Visible minorities have become an important factor in ethnic-based politics, though most visible minorities are less numerous than the long-standing non-British European ethnicities making up BC's "invisible minorities".
British columbia has been settled by humans since the last ice age. By 1774, Europeans had landed, notably Captain Cook and Captain Vancouver. Soon, a bustling industry of fur, as natives and traders coveted for furs, and guns.
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- The Dictionary of Canadian Biography (1966-2006), thousands of scholarly biographies of notables who died by 1930
- Canadian Encyclopedia (2008) reliable detailed encyclopedia, on-line free
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- ↑ http://www.statcan.ca/Daily/English/070628/d070628c.htm
- ↑ Reader's Digest Atlas of Canada, 1995
- ↑ List of political parties by ideology (1995)
- ↑ British Columbia Jobs Plan
- ↑ Bc liberals are very liberal, and they are the conservative party!
- ↑ demographics
- ↑ Barman, Jean. The West Beyond the West: A History of British Columbia U. of Toronto Press, 1991. 430pp