Arthur "Buddy" Temple, III (born February 26, 1942), is a businessman from Lufkin, Texas, who served as a Democrat in the Texas House of Representatives and on the regulatory Texas Railroad Commission. He failed in a bid for his party's gubernatorial nomination in 1982.
Temple was born to the wealthy lumberman Arthur Temple, Jr. (1920-2006), and the former Mary MacQuiston (born 1919) in Texarkana, Arkansas. He was reared in Lufkin, the seat of Angelina County in East Texas. In 1960, Temple graduated from the Lawrenceville School, a boarding school in Lawrenceville near Princeton, New Jersey. He then briefly attended the University of Texas at Austin from 1960 to 1961, when he joined the United States Army and served until 1963. He worked in various businesses, including his family-owned Temple Industries from 1964 to 1966, when he ran the Exeter Investment Company as vice-president, president, and chairman from 1968 to 1982, and, again, from 1986 to 2002.
In 1966, he was elected to the school board in Diboll in Angelina County, with service at the height of desegregation. In 1972, Temple was elected to the District 6 seat in the Texas House in 1972 and served from 1973 to 1981 from Angelina, Newton, Shelby, and San Augustine counties. Representative Temple was co-sponsor of the 1973 State Code of Ethics, with financial disclosure for elected and appointed officials, an issue highlighted by the Sharpstown banking scandal.
He was elected to the Railroad Commission in 1980 and was named chairman of the regulatory panel over petroleum and natural gas from 1985 to 1986. Temple and Texas Land Commissioner Bob Armstrong lost the gubernatorial nomination in 1982 to Mark White, then the Texas attorney general, who subsequently unseated Republican Governor Bill Clements.
Temple is a member of the board of directors of Temple-Inland, Inc., the chairman of the board of First Bank & Trust, East Texas, and chairman of the board of the T. L. L. Temple Foundation. He is a past chairman of the advisory board of the Caesar Kleberg Wildlife Research Institute.
In 1962, Temple married the former April Clover, and the couple had one child, Whitney Sage Temple (born 1966). In 1970, he wed the former Ellen Clarke Hurst, and they have two children: Susan Helen Temple (born 1971), and Hannah Lea Temple (born 1972). Mrs. Temple has a son, John Hurst (born 1967), from a previous marriage. Ellen Temple, a former high school teacher and free-lance writer, served from 1991 to 1997 as a regent of the University of Texas System under appointment of Governor Ann Richards. At the time she was the owner and president of Ellen C. Temple Publishing, Inc., of Lufkin.
- Arthur Temple died at 86 after heart attack. thepineywoods.com. Retrieved on May 16, 2012.
- Summary Information: Arthur "Buddy Temple". thehistorycenteronline.com. Retrieved on May 16, 2012.
- Advisory Board. ckwri.tamuk.edu. Retrieved on May 16, 2012.
- Arthur "Buddy" Temple. lrl.state.tx.us. Retrieved on May 16, 2012.
- Profile: Ellen Clarke Temple. utsystem.edu. Retrieved on May 20, 2012.