C. J. Hambro
|Carl Joachim Hambro, Sr.|
|Member of Stortinget|
|Party||Norwegian Conservative Party|
|Spouse(s)||Gudrun "Dudu" Grieg (†1943)|
Carl Joachim Hambro, Sr. (born 5 January 1885 in Bergen, died 15 December 1964 in Oslo), commonly known as C. J. Hambro, was a Norwegian author, editor and Conservative politician. He spent most of his life as journalist and editor of Morgenbladet, a right-wing newspaper in Oslo. Hambro was known as a great orator and rhetorican, and is known as the foremost parliamentarian of Norway in the 20th century. He was member of the Storting, representing the Conservative Party, 1919–1957, and was Parliamentary Speaker 1926–1933 and 1935–1945, as well as parliamentary leader 1926–1958 and party leader 1926–1934 and 1950–1954. Despite of this, Hambro never became Prime Minister nor member of the cabinet.
He played a crucial role at the time the German invasion on 9 April 1940. With only six hours advance notice, he managed to organize the escape of King Haakon VII and his family, the government, the parliament and the gold reserves of the Bank of Norway. They all left on a train commissioned by Hambro, just 30 minutes before the Germans arrived in Oslo. Before the war, Hambro had warned the politicians and the public against extremist ideologies as nazism and communism for many years.
|The conservatism stands in every state in nearest context with tradition and historical development, and with the national treasures which previous generations have collected.|
— C. J. Hambro on conservatism
|It is not any possibility to claim neutrality without a minimum of power to protect it.|
— C. J. Hambro on neutrality
Hambro wrote more than 35 books, primarily in Norwegian.
- Works entirely in English
- 1940 – I Saw It Happen in Norway
- 1942 – How to Win the Peace
- The Storting's biography on C. J. Hambro (Norwegian)