CTV is an English-language Canadian television network owned by media company Bell Media. It airs a mix of American TV shows and movies, along with some Canadian shows.
CTV began broadcasting on October 1, 1961. Its creation was the result of a decision made in 1958 by Canada's Conservative government at the time, led by Prime Minister John Diefenbaker, to form a new Canadian broadcasting regulator, the Board of Broadcast Governors, to take over those duties from the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, which had been both Canada's public broadcaster and broadcast regulator until then. The BBG was formed to answer demands by private broadcasters to allow alternate choices to CBC Television, the CBC's television unit. When CTV first went on air, it originally consisted of eight affiliated stations in Vancouver (CHAN-TV), Calgary (CFCN-TV), Edmonton (CFRN-TV), Winnipeg (CJAY-TV, now CKY-TV), Toronto (CFTO-TV), Ottawa (CJOH-TV), Montreal (CFCF-TV) and Halifax (CJCH-TV). Of those eight stations, CFRN was originally a CBC affiliate while the others all began as independent stations before joining CTV.
Since CTV first went on the air, the number of its affiliated stations has grown to its current level of 25 stations. While all of those stations began under independent owners, most of those stations, except for five, are now owned by the network itself due to CFTO's then-parent company, Baton Broadcasting, buying up most of the CTV affiliates between the mid-1980s and 2001. Baton itself changed its corporate name to CTV Inc. in January 1998, giving it control of both the network and its owned-and-operated stations.