|Species|| C. dromedarius (Dromedary)|
C. bactrianus (Bactrian)
Camels are native to the dry and desert areas of western, central and east Asia and northern Africa. The dromedary or Arabian camel has a single hump, and the Bactrian camel has two humps. Their average life expectancy is up to 60 years.
Australia has the only known wild dromedary herds, with an estimated population of 1 million feral camels.
Camels are well suited to life in their arid habitat, as they are able to go long periods with very little food or water and can feed on the thorny desert scrub. Even a camel's eyes are perfectly designed to keep at bay the wind-blown sand.